In the statement, it was noted that the frequency of cartilage diseases has increased gradually over the years due to the prolonged life span and increasing obesity rate, and it was noted that the capacity of self-renewal is limited if the articular cartilage is damaged because it does not contain blood vessels.
It was stated that the tissue of the cartilages, which is a connective tissue that does not contain blood vessels and is fed from joint fluid, consists of cartilage cells, collagen, water and components called proteoglycan (hyaluronic acid, glucosamine).
Bayındır İçerenköy Hospital and Bayındır Levent Medical Center Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Yüksel, whose opinions about joint cartilage diseases and their treatment, stated in the statement that the incidence of cartilage diseases has increased over the years.
Pointing out that prolonged life expectancy and increasing obesity rates are among the reasons for this increase, Yüksel said, “Lack of physical activity, which causes muscle weakness around the joint, increases the load on the joint and invites cartilage diseases. Other common causes are occupational strains, sports injuries, genetic predisposition. rheumatological diseases, ligament and meniscus injuries in the joint. ” found in the description.
Pay attention to pain in the joint
Dr. Korcan Yüksel stated that joint pain is among the most common complaints in cartilage diseases and gave the following information:
“As the cartilage disorder increases, movement limitation occurs in the joints and if not treated, it can cause deformities in the joints. Some patients may develop reactive symptoms such as swelling in the joint in cartilage disorders.
Ultrasound is limited and insufficient in joint cartilage diseases. The most common diagnostic methods we use in joint cartilage disorders are plain radiographs and MRI. Especially, MRI is the gold standard in diagnosis as it shows injuries such as ligament and meniscus that may accompany joint cartilage disorder. “
Orthopedics and traumatology specialist Yüksel stated that the treatment of the disease should start with weight control if the patient is overweight, weight loss reduces the complaints in many patients and slows the progress of the disease.
Noting that painkillers do not cure the disease, but they can be used to reduce complaints in early disease or patients who cannot undergo surgery, Yüksel continued as follows:
“Although there is not enough scientific evidence, oral glucosamine and collagen pills are widely used in our country and abroad. Intra-articular injections such as steroids, hyaluronic acid, PRP, collagen are used to temporarily reduce the patient’s complaints. Arthroscopic interventions in young adults with limited cartilage damage. and mesenchymal stem cell applications give positive results. In cases of arthrosis (calcification), which is the common form of the disease affecting the entire joint, joint prostheses improve the quality of life by relieving the patient’s complaints. “