exp. Dr. Akif Çelik stated that many digestive problems are experienced due to the changing diet routine on special days such as holidays and said, “The spirit of unity in the society increases, national consciousness is formed and social relations develop through the holidays. However, excessive consumption of food during special celebrations and events such as birthdays and holidays can cause irregular eating habits and digestive problems. The nutrition of children during holidays and special events is no different from other members of the family. Healthy eating recommendations apply to the whole family. Our macro nutrients consist of fat, carbohydrates (sugar) and proteins. Our body and metabolism need a balanced amount of protein, fat and carbohydrates on a daily basis, and any disruption of this balance affects our health negatively. It is recommended that 50-55% of the daily energy comes from carbohydrates, 10-15% from protein, and 30-35% from fats.
EXCESS OF SUGAR CAN CAUSE diarrhoea, even coma
Pointing out that excessive sugar consumption causes diarrhea, Çelik continued as follows:
“Taking more calories than the energy we spend daily and excessive food consumption cause digestive problems such as constipation, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea in the short term. In the long run, it can cause serious health problems such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. Excessive sugar consumption is also known to cause diarrhea. It is necessary to avoid excessive sugar consumption, especially on birthdays and holidays. In children with health problems such as diabetes, liver failure and chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure, excessive sugar consumption can cause excessive and sudden increase in blood sugar, decrease in body water and even coma. Fats are the slowest digesting macronutrient. Oily foods are usually consumed as a pleasant getaway on special occasions. Excessive fat consumption may cause bloating, indigestion, stomach cramps and diarrhea in the short term, and may lead to cardiovascular diseases in the long term.
OVERCONSUMPTION OF PROTEIN TIRES THE KIDNEYS
Pointing to the harms of excess protein intake, Çelik said, “The building block of our body consists of proteins. Proteins are an important macronutrient for our body. Especially red or white meat, eggs and grains are the main sources of protein. It has been shown that excessive protein consumption causes our kidneys to filter at a much higher rate and subsequently lead to protein leakage in the urine. It is also known that a protein-rich diet causes gout, which is the result of the accumulation of uric acid, which is the end product of protein breakdown, in the joints. There are also microorganisms that mostly live in our intestines and are healthy for our body. These creatures have many beneficial functions on the digestive system and intestinal health, such as strengthening the immune system and regulating our metabolism. The number of these organisms, called the gut microbiome, decreases rapidly in situations such as an unbalanced and single macronutrient diet, and the number of harmful microorganisms increases. Therefore, our health is adversely affected.”