Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Zeynep Alkan made remarkable statements about sound health, vocal hygiene and vocal aesthetics. He explained temporary and permanent voice problems and their symptoms and treatment methods.

Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospital ENT Diseases and Head and Neck Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Alkan continued his words as follows: “Our voice is very important in persuading the other person in expressing ourselves and our feelings. When our voices are bad, our self-confidence decreases and we turn off. However, our voice is extremely important, from our communication with our children at home to our career life. Therefore, the most important jewel of a person is his voice. “

Noting that the person may encounter some problems related to sound throughout his life, Prof. Dr. Zeynep Alkan explained the factors that may cause this situation as follows: “The most important of these is respiratory tract infections. Due to the vocal cord inflammation, which we call laryngitis, in diseases such as cold and flu, the voice becomes thicker. When the edema and infection in the upper respiratory tract pass, voice problems disappear on their own.

However, sometimes there can be permanent voice problems that we cannot treat. The most important of these are the problems related to the wrong use of sound. In addition, problems related to the larynx such as nodules, polyps known as vocal cord flesh among the people, slits on the congenital vocal cord we call sulcus or vocal cord paralysis can also cause vocal problems. In fact, not only problems in the larynx, thyroid gland surgeries, masses in the thyroid gland, problems in the brain or neck can also affect the nerve that goes to the vocal cord and disrupt the quality of the voice ”.

Stating that lung diseases are also among the factors that cause voice problems, Prof. Dr. Zeynep Alkan continued his words as follows: “Lung diseases may also be among the factors that cause voice problems. Those with chronic lung disease such as asthma may also sound bad. Because the voice doesn’t just come out of the throat. The main source of power in the formation of sound is the lungs. That’s why we always say ‘take abdominal breath using your diaphragm’.

Providing information about the symptoms of voice disorder, Prof. Dr. Alkan said, “The patients come with the complaints of ‘there is a crackling, hoarse, hoarseness in my voice’. People around him can usually notice this situation. In this case, sound examination is performed with the help of devices that we call stroposcopes, which show fluctuation, or equipment that measures the frequency and intensity of the sound we call sound analysis. Thus, it becomes clear what are the problems that make the old comfortable voice of the patient uncomfortable. Even though his vocal cords are normal, his voice can sound bad due to the wrong use of the person’s voice. At this point, we learn the behavior of the sound and follow a path accordingly. Sometimes the voice therapist can be involved in the treatment process, ”he said.

Drawing attention to the importance of providing sound hygiene, Prof. Dr. Alkan said, “Sound hygiene can be achieved by using the sound cleanly, feeding with foods that are good for sound, chemical irritants that are harmful to the sound, which is the most well-known among them, avoiding cigarettes. Likewise, environmental pollution and trying to use sound in unsuitable working environments are among the negative factors. The main issue is the correct use of water. Liquids that contain water, such as tea, coffee, fruit juice, do not replace water in any way. However, it should be forgotten that the foods that may cause problems in the stomach will also affect the sound health. ” he spoke.

“Just as the dress fits on a person’s body, the sound must match the gender, profession and age of the person. Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospital ENT Specialist Prof. Dr. Zeynep Alkan gave the following information about voice aesthetic surgeries:

“The vocal cords are operated through the mouth without any external incision, using cold surgery methods or various hot instruments that we call laser. Another method is to reach the larynx where the vocal cord sits with a longitudinal incision from the outside, not the inside. Here, by releasing the cartilage to which the vocal cord is attached, the length of the vocal cord is shortened or lengthened. “

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