Iodine is an essential element in the production of thyroid hormone, the development of the fetus (baby in the womb) and the newborn baby, and is an indispensable nutrient for health at all stages of life. Since our bodies cannot produce iodine, it must be supplied regularly through a healthy diet. According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), iodine deficiency is seen in approximately 54 countries around the world. Iodine deficiency is a serious public health problem in our country, and this problem was prevented especially in city centers with the mandatory iodization of table salt and consumption of iodized salt, which started in 1998-2000.
Common dietary sources of iodine:
Iodized refined table salt
• Saltwater fish
• Seaweed (including kelp, red seagrass and nori)
• Soya sosu
Multivitamins containing iodine
Hypothyroidism is the under-functioning of the thyroid gland, hyperthyroidism, overworking of the thyroid gland, the thyroid gland producing more thyroid hormone than necessary, secreting it into the bloodstream and ultimately accelerating the body’s metabolism.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (chronic thyroiditis) is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system becomes hostile to it and attacks the thyroid.
First of all, enough protein is needed to produce the hormone TSH. At the same time, magnesium, vitamin B12 and zinc are necessary for TSH production.
For the active functioning of T4, iodine, vitamin B2 and vitamin C are needed.
Selenium accelerates the conversion from T4 to T3. Since selenium is an antioxidant mineral, it protects the thyroid gland from damage. A selenium-rich diet is important for these patients.
Foods rich in selenium:
Brazil nuts, walnuts, turkey meat, eggs, liver, salmon are rich in selenium.
In addition, vitamin D is needed for T3 to be active.
Since these patients have many complaints of constipation, it is very important to eat a fiber diet. Since energy metabolism slows down in hypothyroidism, weight gain is observed. For this reason, it is necessary to stay away from simple sugar and eat a low glycemic index diet. Whole grain foods, vegetables, nuts have a low glycemic index and are fibrous foods.
Omega 3 will help speed up the metabolism. Since salmon is both a good source of omega 3 and protein, it is important for thyroid patients to consume it twice a week.