The impact of stress on the human brain has been documented for more than seventy-five years. Stressing that the human brain contains pre-programmed neural circuits for the development of a bonding relationship between the baby and at least one important adult in the first six months of life. Prof. Dr. “This initial attachment (typically with a mother figure) prepares neurons for synaptic connections with other neurons. “This process strengthens the formation of nerve clusters that increase brain development,” he said.
“NEGATIVE EFFECTS IN EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT”
Stating that when healthy social and emotional bonds are not formed, synapses are eliminated by a process called pruning. Dr. “When a baby’s neglect is permanent, cortisol, the stress hormone, is released into the brain. Chronic exposure to stress hormone during infancy brings life-long physical and mental health problems. In addition, it creates a more sensitive brain by negatively affecting cognitive, language, social and emotional development. In fact, chronic neglect harms the developing human brain more than physical abuse, ”he said.
Stating that early intervention can reduce the negative effects of chronic stress and neglect in babies, Prof. Dr. “Therefore, child development professionals can support families by teaching parents the interactions (service and return) between infant and adult that support brain development and foster healthy emotional attachment. This includes responding quickly and appropriately to the baby’s reactions such as crying, crying, chirping, making eye contact with the baby, hugging, reflecting the baby’s expression on him and giving him time to respond, ”he said.
“BABIES CAN DISTINCT A SMILE AND FEAR FACE”
Emphasizing that eye contact and face perception in babies are essential for the development of social competence, Prof. “Newborns prefer a human face over any toy object,” says Moiser. Babies prefer direct eye contact. Three-month-old babies prefer smiling faces to neutral expressions, and five to seven-month-old babies can distinguish between a smiling and a fearful facial expression. At five months of age, babies can understand and follow a gaze that points towards the direction of an object, ”he said.
Prof. Moiser concluded his speech as follows:
“Child Development Specialists are aware that babies can perceive and understand social interaction at such an early age, and they can give suggestions to families that support healthy brain development and teach them how to support babies’ emotional and social development. It can be listed as making direct eye contact when interacting with a baby, smiling when eye contact is established with the baby, reflecting the baby’s words in routine times such as changing diapers and feeding, smiling, making eye contact and playing, and being aware when the gaze diverts from the baby. Because the baby may perceive it negatively when they see that you are more interested in something other than interaction.