The amount of air passing through the nose during the day is approximately 10,000 liters. Almost everyone, children or adults, may experience nasal congestion from time to time. Most of the time, nasal congestion is not taken seriously and it is tried to be solved with temporary solutions. However, while chronic nasal congestion causes problems that reduce the quality of life such as insomnia and fatigue, it can lead to much more serious problems such as heart enlargement in the long run.
Diseases such as the common cold or sinusitis may cause temporary nasal congestion, but this is not a problem. Chronic nasal congestion, which is caused by the curvature of the inner part of the nose, that is, deviation or enlargement of the nasal concha, adversely affects the body by causing oxygen deficiency in the long term. When there is not enough fresh air in our lungs, the oxygen-carbon dioxide exchange is affected, our blood carries insufficient oxygen to the tissues and over time, tissue damage develops. The person who cannot sleep quality sleep also develops fatigue and difficulty in concentration, following high blood pressure, arrhythmia begins in the heart and after a while, the heart grows.
One of the most important symptoms in patients with chronic nasal congestion is snoring, and when the person wakes up in the morning, there is a feeling of dryness in his mouth.
The curvature of the inner part of the nose (deviation) is the curvature of the middle part of the nose that usually develops after trauma. Even in the mother’s womb during pregnancy, the nose may be traumatized during the baby’s rotational movements, and it plays a role in the development of deviation during birth and childhood strokes. Not every deviation causes nasal congestion. Swelling of the structures for the nose, which we call the concha, which is known as the concha in the society, is also a very common cause of chronic nasal congestion. Hormonal changes during menstrual periods and pregnancy in women cause swelling of the nasal concha.
Persistent allergies also have an important place among the causes of chronic nasal congestion. Especially in patients with allergic background, structures such as polyps can completely block the nose. Nasal congestion can also occur as a result of a reaction to any substance that irritates the nose. The most common is tobacco smoke. Even if some patients have a successful nose surgery, they cannot fully relax as long as they continue to smoke. One of the unusual causes is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD); In the treatment, the stomach acid should be prevented from escaping up to the nasal passages.
If the cause of nasal obstruction is deviation, the only solution is surgery. If the bone and cartilage curvature is corrected, the breathing problem will be corrected. Now we can perform nose surgeries in a very comfortable and convenient way. I think we have stopped nose surgeries from being a feared operation.
In frequently recurring sinusitis attacks, we first dry the inflammation with medication and then surgically deal with anatomical problems such as deviation and concha bullosa.