What professional life expects from employees; Criteria such as stress management, compliance with busy work pace and flexible working hours sometimes turn into pressure for employees. Explaining where mobbing begins and what its components are, which targets the physical, mental and mental endurance of the person in his work life, Dr. Lecturer Derya Deniz answered those who were curious about the psychological dimension of mobbing, which is at least as difficult to prove in working life.


Stating that mobbing is different from instant crises, stress factors or temporary communication problems in the workplace, Dr. Lecturer Derya Deniz stated that the starting point of the process was mostly triggered by a conflict between individuals.

Stating that the problem may be due to work or personal reasons, Dr. Lecturer Deniz stated that indirect and hurtful ways are generally preferred during the process.


Stating that mobbing is a systematic, continuous, insidious process that spreads over time, Dr. Lecturer Member Derya Deniz said, “In this context, there are actions and initiatives targeting physical and mental health. These are not talking to the victim, excluding the victim from social groups or putting them under a heavy workload, gossiping the victim, mocking his values, imitating him, applying verbal and physical violence to the victim, sexual harassment, mobbing behavior patterns. Extremely passive and difficult actions such as silence and punishment by ignoring the person can also be evaluated within this scope ”.


Stating that a serious time should pass for the victims to understand the systematic and continuous actions they are subjected to, Deniz said, “In the studies on mobbing, the victims are defined based on moral qualities such as perfectionist, sensitive, high sense of responsibility, but a clear portrait of the person who practices mobbing cannot always be drawn. ” said.

Those with a sense of inadequacy do more MOBBING

Dr. Lecturer Member Derya Deniz summarized the prominent features of the mobbing person as follows:

“Studies on mobbing perpetrators; it is common to point out that these people are people who struggle with feelings of inadequacy, who see the other people as a threat to them and who have not completed their moral development. In addition, those with a narcissistic or antisocial personality structure, those with sadistic personality traits, those who have grudges, those who are paranoid (extremely skeptical), and those who are so perfectionist are seen as perpetrators. These people do not usually exhibit these behaviors to a person throughout their lives, and they can also change goals after exhibiting mobbing behaviors on a person and intimidating him. “


Stating that the mobbing story is generally divided into three processes: aggression, stigma and trauma, Dr. Lecturer Deniz stated that although the origin of mobbing has changed, certain behavioral patterns have not changed.

Explaining the stages of the process, Deniz said, “The attack process that starts with the victim’s communication or isolation from social relations, in other words the first stage. This is actually the basic phase that he has to manage carefully. Because this stage is generally considered by the victim as a temporary or a challenge that can be overcome. If the messages of these behaviors, which are the first signals of mobbing, are not read correctly; “The probability of hardening of the actions increases.”


Suggesting that at the point where the first phase is faced, the person should be shown these behaviors to the other party calmly, “Demand to talk about the problem by establishing a direct communication and focus on solution-oriented action. Solution oriented actions; “Informing the management staff in the workplace, getting social support from family and friends, and getting help from a psychologist or psychiatrist who are experts in the subject without hesitation, if needed.”


Saying that the ‘stigmatization’ phase begins after a while, if the victim is anticipating or responds with aggressive behavior in the early stages when the perpetrators start to show aggression, Deniz explained the following stages of mobbing as follows:

“A victim who tries to cope with a difficult and problematic perception of himself at work; After a while, with the psychological and physical wear and tear he has experienced, he falls into an impasse in terms of working efficiency and is stigmatized as inadequate. The most tragic aspect of the stigmatization phase for the victim is; internalizing all the adjectives assigned to him after a while. The third stage that can be considered as the outcome of attack and stigma is trauma. At the point where solution-oriented action is not taken and the necessary support is not provided during the attack and stigmatization phase, the victim; If it is, it is likely that he will have physical or psychological problems. “


Dr. Lecturer Derya Deniz stated that the most common psychological symptoms as a result of mobbing are ‘Major Depression’ and ‘Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder’ and said, “The type of trauma that causes the greatest harm to people; They are traumas brought about by human hand, even intentionally. “The consequences can be greater, especially when exposed to such situations by people the person knows,” he said.


Emphasizing that the victims, whose mobbing case is already ongoing or who are preparing to open a new page by leaving the process behind both legally and psychologically, can also be confused with various prejudices. Lecturer Member Derya Deniz made suggestions in the process of combating prejudices and completed her words as follows:

“The factors to be approached with suspicion in relation to mobbing are the workplace itself and the perpetrators. It is quite objectionable to approach the victim with suspicion. For this reason, the victim should take steps to get support without any hesitation when they feel the need. When he achieves this, he will surely realize what a right decision he has made about himself. Unfortunately, there are crises, losses, separations or traumas in life. These are very challenging experiences for humans.

Cognitive or emotional processes of the person may be affected by these difficulties. Our sense of uniqueness or our will to justice may be damaged. The important thing is how our thoughts and beliefs are shaped with or after these events we experience. Problems may persist if we develop generalizing, pessimistic, irrational beliefs about ourselves or the world and take them as a guide. In this case, we may find it difficult to rebuild our sense of trust. We may have problems adapting to work or our social environment. In order to avoid these, the person can use his / her own resources better when he / she receives medical and psychological support in accordance with his / her awareness and need of negative changes in psychology. “

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