This condition, which is wrongly known as an athlete’s disease among the people, can adversely affect individuals from all segments of the society. Physiotherapist Ali Menoğlu said that this problem can be seen in young people due to wear and more in adults due to impact, and said, “For this reason, treatment processes should be done according to the age of the patient and the tear that occurs. In order to avoid meniscus injuries, choosing the right shoes, the suitability of the ground to be exercised, and warm-up training are of great importance.
Problems arising for any reason in the structures consisting of C and crescent-shaped fibrosis and cartilage tissue in both knee joints are called meniscus injuries. This problem, which we usually hear in athletes, can be encountered even when getting out of the car or doing a simple squatting motion. The meniscus, one of the most common knee probes, makes it difficult to perform daily activities and negatively affects the quality of life of people.
Menisci have important tasks
Stressing that the meniscus acts as a shock absorber to protect the knee, Physiotherapist Ali Menoğlu said, “The meniscus prevents the femur and tibia from rubbing against each other during movement. In addition, these structures have very important functions such as load carrying and distribution, shock absorption, and contributing to the anterior posterior stability of the knee in cases where the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is insufficient. These textures; It can be torn as a result of traumas in the knee, especially sudden rotational movements. The most common cause is sports injuries. For this reason, it is known only as an athlete problem with a false perception among the public, ”he said.
The treatment plan should be personalized
Stating that the treatment process should not be neglected, Menoğlu continued his words as follows: “As a result of the injury, various complaints such as pain, swelling, locking, stuck, limitation of movement, feeling of discharge in the knee, difficulty in climbing up and down stairs and fluid accumulation may occur. As soon as one of these situations is seen, a physician should be consulted on the subject.
After the physical examination and MRI examination, it is decided whether the treatment will be surgical or conservative treatment (physiotherapy), taking into account the patient’s age, general health status, lifestyle, and the location of the meniscus tear. After the injury, rest, ice application and compression, and elevation of the leg should be done first. If necessary, the patient should be used crutches and the treatment program should be continued with electrotherapy and exercises in line with the needs of the patient in the future. “