Varicose veins, defined as the enlargement of the veins, are formed by the permanent lengthening of the veins, which are responsible for transmitting the blood to our body back to the heart. Varicose veins, which mostly occur in the lower leg, cause only visual disturbances at first, but over time, pain and cramps accompany.
The reason for the appearance of varicose veins, which is seen in 40 percent of women and 25 percent of men, is due to the inability of the venous valve to perform its former function. That is, veins carry blood from the bottom up to the heart, contrary to gravity.
It is the valve that prevents the return of blood. The inability of the valve to fulfill this task for various reasons leads to the enlargement of the veins and the formation of varicose veins over time.
Another reason is that the blood does not flow upwards in a healthy way as a result of the blockage of the vein due to the clot. In this case, the blood starts to apply more pressure to go up. Constantly repetitive pressure causes varicose veins to form over time.
-Purple-blue swellings on the legs,
-Pain in the legs,
-Heaviness in the legs
– Itching and numbness
– Swelling in the legs.
Who are at risk?
– Those aged 50 and over,
– Those who stand for a long time or work in jobs that require it,
– Those who work at a desk job and who are inactive for a long time,
– Those who are obese,
– Those with a family history of heirs.
How many types of varicose are there?
Venous insufficiency creates 3 types of varicose veins in our legs according to their size and proximity to the skin:
The first is varicose veins, which are called large varicose veins and cause prominent protrusions on the skin. Varicose veins, which form large folds and can be easily noticed by hand and eye, are approximately 4 millimeters in diameter. Since they are formed under the skin, they do not cause any color change on the skin. It only reflects the greenish color of the vein. The fluffy texture, which becomes more noticeable when standing, disappears when lying down and lifting the legs up. The most important feature of large varicose veins is that they are caused by valve failure of one of the main veins in the leg. The treatment of these veins with valve insufficiency ensures the complete disappearance of large varicose veins.
Medium height heir:
The other type of varicose is medium-sized varicose veins. The size of medium-sized varicose veins with a curved texture is 2-3 mm. The colors of medium-sized varicose veins, which cause small protrusions under the skin, are green and purple. These varicose veins bring along problems such as pain, itching and tingling in the person. Medium-sized varicose veins are treated with foam therapy and are unlikely to recur.
The last type of varicose is capillary varicose veins. Capillary varicose veins, which do not cause any swelling on the skin, are usually thinner than hair and are red and purple in color. Capillary varicose veins, which can be seen easily in 5 out of 10 people, are not likely to turn into large varicose veins. As with other varicose problems, it can cause pain and ache in cases where it is common. It is completely eliminated with treatment.
How to prevent varicose veins with several methods
A healthy and active life is the basic principle of preventing heirs. Varicose veins become preventable with a few methods on this axis. These;
Make sports a part of your life. Spend at least 30 minutes a day for sports. Even if you do not have an intense sports life, do not neglect to do basic exercises such as walking.
Excess weight is one of the most important factors that prevent blood from reaching the heart from the legs. In addition, weight pressure on the veins and restriction of movement due to excess weight are the most important causes of varicose veins. To prevent this, you need to get rid of your excess weight immediately.
Do not forget to apply cold water in certain periods. Because cold water shrinks the vessel wall, allowing blood to reach the heart.
Elevate your feet while resting. In this way, the pressure in the veins decreases and it transmits the blood to the heart faster.
Engage in activities that will work your leg muscles. Take the stairs instead of the elevator and cycle often.
Protect yourself from extreme temperatures. Because hot weather causes the vein to expand and accelerates the formation of varicose veins.