The loss of the baby before the 20th week of pregnancy is called a miscarriage. More than 80 percent of miscarriages, one of the most common complications associated with early pregnancy, occur in the first trimester of pregnancy. Miscarriage is seen in 15-25% of pregnancies, that is, about one fourth. Stating that miscarriages are less likely to occur after the 20th week of pregnancy, and when it occurs, it is called late abortion, Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Op. Dr. Pınar Kadiroğulları reminds that miscarriage is an extremely traumatic and devastating experience for the expectant mother.
Explaining that most of the miscarriages occur when the baby has genetic problems incompatible with life, Op. Dr. Kadiroğulları, “Infection, medical conditions such as diabetes or thyroid disease in the mother, hormone problems, immune system reactions, physical problems in the mother and uterine abnormalities can also cause miscarriages. “A woman over the age of 35 who has diabetes or thyroid disease, and has had three or more miscarriages, has a higher risk of miscarriage.”
If you have any of these symptoms, talk to your doctor.
Stating that the main symptom of miscarriage is vaginal bleeding, Op. Dr. Pınar Kadiroğulları underlines that this bleeding can range from light brownish discharge to very heavy bleeding. Kadiroğulları also explains that symptoms such as abdominal cramping and pain, mild or severe back pain, weight loss, discharge from the vagina, textured or clotted discharge from the vagina, feeling faint or lightheaded, spasms and fever: “If you know that you are pregnant, bleeding. and if you drop a piece with pain, you may have a miscarriage. Bleeding and mild discomfort are common symptoms even after abortion. If you have fever, chills or pain and heavy bleeding, if you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately! “
After a miscarriage, 85 percent of the next pregnancy proceeds normally
Explaining that when the doctor is consulted with the risk of miscarriage, the obstetrician will do a pelvic examination and ultrasound to see the amount of bleeding after questioning your complaints and how it started. Dr. Pınar Kadiroğulları continues his words as follows:
“If the abortion has occurred and the uterus is empty, if there is no baby or part of the wife left in the uterus, no further treatment is usually required. Sometimes the uterus is not completely emptied, so an abortion is performed. As an alternative to abortion, some medications can be given to help expel the remaining parts from the uterus. The pregnancy test is performed to evaluate the progression of the miscarriage and whether the pregnancy is completely terminated according to the decrease in the test. When the bleeding stops, you can usually continue your daily life. If you have a blood incompatibility, your doctor may give you a blood product. If a woman has had more than two abortions in a row (called a recurrent miscarriage), blood tests, genetic tests, or medications may be necessary. “
Underlining that many women have concerns that they will not be able to conceive after a miscarriage, Op. Dr. Pınar Kadiroğulları said, “In at least 85% of women who have miscarriage, the next pregnancy and delivery proceed normally. Having a miscarriage doesn’t necessarily mean you have a fertility problem. “You can resolve your concerns about this by talking to an expert,” he says.