Prof. Dr. Onur Yaprak, in his statement on April 1-7, National Cancer Week, stated that liver cancer is in the 6th place in terms of the incidence of liver cancer and that there are two types of cancers in the liver. It develops with the spread of organ cancers to the liver. Primary ones are called liver cancer, while secondary ones are known as liver metastases. Although there are methods such as surgery, chemotherapy-radiotherapy, interventional radiology in the treatment of liver cancer, liver transplantation can be performed only in the ‘hepatocellular cancer’ type of primary cancers and in suitable patients. Liver transplantation gives much more successful results in such patients than other treatment methods, ”he said.
“MOST SEEN IN MEN”
Stating that liver cancer is more common in men than women, Prof. Dr. Yaprak said, “Liver cancer ranks 6th among all cancers in terms of its incidence. Its incidence varies from country to country, but it is between 3 and 30 per 100 thousand people. For our country, this figure is 6.5 per 100 thousand. It is seen 2-3 times more in men than in women. It most often develops over the age of 50. 80 to 90 percent of liver cancer cases develop on the basis of cirrhosis. Hepatitis B and C infections, chronic alcohol use, aflatoxin and fatty liver are the leading causes of liver cancer. “The risk of liver cancer is 40 times higher in people with hepatitis B infection, and 17 times higher in those with hepatitis C infection.”
“6.4 PERCENT OF PATIENTS WITH LIVER CANCER”
Noting that it is predicted that the number of patients with liver cancer, which was 900 thousand in 2020 in the world, will increase to 1 million 400 thousand in 2040. Dr. Yaprak listed the increases in other countries as follows:
“It is thought that the annual number of liver cases in the USA, which was 38 thousand in 2020, will increase to 56 thousand in 2030. In 2002, 6.4 percent of patients on the liver transplant waiting list in the US had liver cancer, while in 2017 this rate increased to 22 percent. The biggest reason for this increase is the 11-fold increase in cancer cases due to fatty liver. The underlying reason for this increase is the increasing diabetes, obesity, unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle in the society. People with severe liver fat and inflammation have a 10 percent risk of developing cancer within 5 years.