Kiss. Dr. Murat Ferliel, “Amblyopia is the condition in which the visual ability of this eye does not develop well compared to the other eye during the visual development of children, due to the brain’s inability to adequately benefit from the image coming from one eye due to various reasons. Depth perception is also not well developed in these people. The development of children’s visual functions occurs to a large extent in the first 3 years and this development is completed around the age of 8. A good visual capacity is possible in the first years of life when an equal and clear image is formed in both eyes and when these two images reach the brain, they are combined as a single image and perceived. In other words, the brain should be able to use the image that reaches from both eyes.

“LOSS OF SIGHTS CONTINUES FOR LIFE”

Ferliel said that when the diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia is over 8 years old, vision loss can continue for life and it is not possible to correct it later, and listed the causes of amblyopia as follows:

“Focusing problems, unequal refractive errors between the two eyes: myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, Eyes not standing parallel to each other (strabismus, crossed eyes), Cataract (loss of transparency of the eye lens), Advanced ptosis (low upper eyelid)”

Op.Dr.Murat Ferliel listed the symptoms of amblyopia as follows:

“Children may not understand that one eye sees less, or may have trouble pointing it out. There may be an eye drop. He may feel the urge to close one eye. Their eyes may not be parallel to each other. He may be clumsy in his movements. He can tilt his head to one side. A child with amblyopia may appear completely healthy from the outside if the other eye is healthy, and therefore the diagnosis may be delayed.”

“ALL CHILDREN UP TO 3 YEARS OLD SHOULD BE VISUAL ACUTE SCREENING”

Saying that the diagnosis of amblyopia is made by determining the visual acuity, Ferliel used the following statements:

“All children up to the age of 3 should have visual acuity screening. However, in the presence of symptoms, an eye examination is recommended from the age of 6 months at the latest. Children’s eye problems are also often noticed by children’s teachers at school or during health screenings. The earlier the diagnosis is made and the sooner treatment is started, the better the results. Although almost complete recovery is achieved with early diagnosis and correct treatment, when the diagnosis is made after the age of 8, the chance of success gradually decreases as age increases. The principle of treatment is to correct the underlying cause and support the brain to use the image from the lazy eye.”

Stating that a clear image will be reached to the brain by correcting the refractive errors with glasses or, if necessary, with contact lenses, Ferliel said, “The less-sighted eye is encouraged to learn to see well by closing the well-seeing eye for certain periods during the day. After the vision of the eye is sufficiently improved, it is removed with surgery. If there is a droopy eyelid or cataract that prevents vision in one eye, it is corrected by surgery. Lazy eye can be completely corrected with early diagnosis and correct treatment, and it can be permanent for life when it is delayed. For this reason, we should have our children, who are our most valuable assets, undergo eye examinations on time.”




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