Yeditepe University Kozyatağı Hospital Child Health and Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Meltem Uğraş said that during this period, grandmothers, grandmothers, neighbors and even acquaintances could share their experiences and give advice on raising children. Prof. Dr. Uğraş reminded that experiences are important in child development, but remember that every child is different, and explained the well-known mistakes about child development.
Prof. Dr. Uğraş stated that the factors that make up the height of the child consist of multiple factors defined as multifactorial and therefore the only factor cannot be genetic. Prof. Dr. Uğraş said, “Here, as well as genetic predisposition, environmental factors such as nutrition, sleep, child’s exercise are also important. In addition, the child’s birth week, birth weight and growth in the first two years also affect the child’s development very seriously, ”he said.
Stating that the information that growth and developmental disorders also affect the intelligence of children, is true in a sense, Child Health and Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Meltem Uğraş spoke as follows:
“When we talk about growth, when we talk about the body weight and height of the child, when we say development, the behaviors of the child’s motor functions and mental development are evaluated according to their age. Therefore, growth and development are generally used together.
However, growth is somewhat more physical, and at this point, head circumference is as important as height and weight in young children. While evaluating growth, we also look at the child’s body weight and head circumference. For example, deviations from normal in the head circumference, in other words being too large or too small, may be a finding that may cause mental retardation in the child.
Likewise, a disease that affects the motor functions of the child may cause a developmental delay with the development of intelligence. In other words, there may be diseases with mental retardation and motor retardation in the child. Besides the growth and development retardation of the child, the different appearance of the child may be a clue to some syndromic diseases. Some of them go along with mental retardation. Therefore, although growth and development disorders do not directly affect the child’s intelligence, growth and development problems can be observed together in children with mental development disorders.
Clarifying the information that ‘girls grow to 18, boys grow to 21’, Prof. Dr. Stating that it is not right to set such sharp boundaries, Uğraş said, “Human beings experience two big growth attacks throughout their life. One of these is the attack he does when he is born.
The child makes a very serious growth spurt at the age of one and completes a year by adding three times his birth weight and half his birth height. A growth spurt close to this is seen in adolescents. During puberty, girls and boys grow about 20-25 cm. Girls continue to elongate within two years of starting menstruation. Of course, it should not be forgotten the role of environmental and genetic factors in order to reach the final height. Growth is completed around the age of 18, ”he said.
Prof. Dr. Meltem Uğraş continued her words as follows:
“Parents alone are not effective in achieving the child’s final height. Therefore, although genetic factors are important, tall parents will not always have tall children, and short parents will not have short children.