Stating that kidney failure causes fluid accumulation in the body when it reaches an advanced stage, Nephrology Specialist Prof. Dr. Emre Tutal said, “Our kidneys filter harmful substances and excess fluid from the blood and ensure that they are removed from the body. In chronic renal failure, this function of the kidney gradually decreases. When kidney failure reaches an advanced stage, harmful substances, wastes and excess fluid begin to accumulate in the body. The aggravation of the table may result in loss of life,” he said.


Noting that it is not necessary for every patient to have all the symptoms, Tutal said, “Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness, sleep disturbance, change in the amount of urine, muscle twitching, cramps, persistent itching, swelling in the feet and ankles, hypertension, excess fluid. It can be counted as shortness of breath due to accumulation around the lungs. At the beginning of the disease, signs and symptoms may not occur as the kidney can compensate for the loss of function. As the disease progresses and the damage to the kidney increases, symptoms may appear.

Tutal said that chronic kidney failure occurs when another underlying disease causes deterioration in kidney functions and causes permanent damage to the kidney over time, adding, “Type 1 or type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the structure that performs the filtration process in the kidney), polycystic kidney, Conditions that obstruct the urinary tract (such as stones, prostate enlargement), vesicourethral reflux (backflow of urine into the kidney), recurrent kidney infections are conditions that can cause kidney failure.


Tutal stated that chronic kidney failure can cause some changes in the body if it is not diagnosed in the early period or if the treatment is not done properly.

“Swelling may occur in the feet and legs due to the inability of the fluid to be sufficiently removed by the kidneys. High blood pressure can also cause fluid to collect around the lungs. Cardiac functions may be impaired due to the sudden increase in potassium in the blood. It can cause heart and vascular diseases. It can also lead to weakening and increased fragility of bones. By affecting the nervous system, it can lead to difficulties in concentration, personality changes, seizures. It can weaken the immune system and predispose to infection. It may cause irreversible damage to the kidneys, causing the patient to need dialysis or a kidney transplant. As can be seen, chronic kidney failure can have many different consequences. These consequences can lead to very serious, life-threatening problems. If you have symptoms that suggest you may have a problem with your kidneys, you should consult a specialist.”

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