Dermatology Specialist, Exp. Dr. Behram Danış said, “Although it is common in Turkish society during adolescence, it is a disease seen in both men and women, at all ages. It is more common in young people. Since it usually appears as the first symptom of adolescence, it is called “puberty acne” among the people. It settles on the oily areas of the skin, often on the face, back, chest, shoulders and upper arms. Just one factor is not effective in acne formation. Genetic predisposition, hormones, and bacteria named propionibacterium acnes play an important role. “Increased oil secretion, excessive proliferation of keratinocytes in the hair follicle and bacterial colonization with propionibacterium acnes are the main causes of acne disease.”

Stating that many other factors such as smoking, diet and stress are also effective, Danış continued his words as follows: “Acne increases when the production of androgen hormone, which is called sex hormone in the body, reaches the highest level between the ages of 11-14. Excessive produced fat accumulates in the hair follicle and The probability of clogging the follicle and causing comedones increases. The bacterium propionibacterium acnes, which plays a role in the etiology, feeds on sebum and is normally found in everyone’s skin, whether or not they have acne. When the sebaceous gland canal is blocked and filled with oil, a suitable environment is created for these bacteria to grow.


Stating that sometimes mild acne is seen in the form of black spots, Behram Danış said, “In some scientific studies, no direct connection has been found between acne and the foods we eat. However, in recent studies, it has been stated that acne is triggered by foods with high glycemic index. According to these studies, the high insulin level affects acne in patients with polycystic ovarian disease both by affecting hormones and by enlarging the cells that secrete sebum. Therefore, it is not recommended to take excessive amounts of such foods and to use them one way. Consumption of fatty foods increases sebum (oil secretion). As the amount of hormones changes during the menstrual period, acne may increase. Also, squeezing an existing acne makes the situation worse. It both harms the skin and causes acne to increase. ”

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