Stating that helicobacter infection is seen between 10 and 40 percent in developed countries and around 50 to 80 percent in developing countries, Prof. Dr. Vedat Göral made important warnings regarding helicobacter pylori. Prof. Dr. Göral said, “In our country, it is around 50 to 60 percent at the age of 30 and above, and these rates have started to decrease with good treatments and following hygiene rules in recent years.

The most important determinant of prevalence in society is socioeconomic differences. High standard of living, high education level and better health conditions ensure low frequency of infection.

Poor socio-economic structure, poor infrastructure and sewage, and insufficient hygiene cause bacteria to be seen at a high rate in the society. Crowded life and unhealthy living conditions also cause bacteria to be seen frequently, ”he said.


Drawing attention to the fact that helicobacteria are contaminated by eating dirty vegetables and fruits, food and drinking water are not clean, Prof. Dr. Göral continued as follows:

“It does not cause disease on the day it is infected, it starts to cause disease at least 10 years later. Bacteria settles in the gastric mucosa and, if left untreated, lives here for many years. Even if helicobacter settles in the stomach, it does not cause illness in everyone. Many people have a chronic helicobacter infection but do not show any symptoms. It also causes different stomach diseases in individuals with bacteria.

It can cause ulcers in some, gastritis in others, and rarely stomach cancer. Probably, the genetic makeup of the person and the genetic makeup of the bacteria also play a role in this. In humans, the bacteria can cause acute and chronic gastritis, ulcer disease, lymphoma of the stomach, atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and stomach cancer. Approximately 20-30 years ago, while stomach and duodenal ulcers were very common, today ulcer disease has decreased a lot with the appropriate helicobacter pylori treatment. If the bacteria is left untreated, there is a 1 percent risk of stomach cancer in the years to come. This risk is higher in those who smoke and drink alcohol, and have stomach cancer in their mother or father. “


Prof. Dr. Göral listed the symptoms of helicobacteria as follows:

“Bacteria also cause bad breath, gas, bloating, nausea, feeling of fullness after meals, belching and iron deficiency, as well as anemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency. It should be investigated whether it is helicobacter or not in anemia cases. There are endoscopy, urea breath test, stool test for the diagnosis of bacteria. Treatment is definitely recommended for those with stomach complaints. If there is bacteria and no complaints, treatment is not recommended. Today, when used together with appropriate antibiotics and stomach protectors, helicobacter is destroyed and great success is achieved in treatment. “

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