Dr. Instructor Member Hanifi Kaya said, “In the treatment of allergies, you can take medication as your physician deems appropriate. The only method that permanently treats the disease is immunotherapy vaccine treatment. But this is not suitable for every patient. Be sure to consult your physician for the appropriate treatment.” made its assessment.
Noting that allergy treatments should start at home first, Kaya said:
“You should prefer houses that are exposed to sunlight, with good ventilation and indoor humidity not exceeding 35 to 40 percent, if possible. For this, HEPA filtered air conditioners should be used if necessary, carpet, linoleum, polyurethane or rubber materials should not be used as flooring. Wallpaper or wall-to-wall carpets should be used. Furniture dust should be cleaned once a week, the bathroom should be washed with detergent frequently and kept constantly dry. Places such as bathrooms and kitchens should be ventilated frequently. Moldy foods should not be left in the refrigerator and garbage should not be accumulated. Consumption of junk food should be restricted, especially in children, and ready meals should be avoided. Fragrance, Humidity, dust, smoke, closed and crowded areas should be avoided.
“You should not go out right after the rain, in foggy, humid and windy weather”
Dr. Instructor Member Hanifi Kaya stated that the bedding should be washed at least once every 2 weeks, preferably every week at a high temperature of 55 to 60 degrees, and if possible, bedding made of anti-allergic fabric should be used.
Kaya said, “Since fungal spores are more common at night, the windows should be kept closed at night, and one should not go out immediately after rain, in foggy, humid and windy weather. Car air conditioner filters should be changed frequently, pets should not be fed. If this is not possible, the air in the room should be cleaned frequently with HEPA filtered air conditioners. It should be kept away from the bedroom. If possible, stay at home and keep the doors and windows closed during the seasons when pollen is high. Potted plants should not be kept in the house. Furry toys should be avoided, and the patient should take precautions according to the environment and situations where his or her complaints begin or increase.” used the phrases.
Noting that the drugs do not change the allergic (atopic) body of the person, the complaints reappear when the drugs are discontinued, and made the following assessments:
“Therefore, it is important to use drugs continuously as long as there are complaints. Again, if it is severe enough to affect the patient’s quality of life, treatment is required. Those with mild symptoms do not need to take medication. The most commonly used drugs in drug treatment are antihistamines. These drugs reduce their effects by reducing histamine, which plays a role in allergic reactions. They are very useful when used regularly. They are especially effective on itching, discharge and sneezing. The most important side effects of these drugs are sleepiness, dry mouth, palpitations, urinary difficulty, increased intraocular pressure. However, these side effects have decreased considerably with new drugs.”
“Immunotherapy is the only method that permanently cures the disease”
Kaya pointed out that the second most preferred drug is cortisone, and that these drugs have more effects when administered orally or from the hip, but also have more side effects. Therefore, they are used as a nasal spray. When used as a nasal spray, they have very little side effects because they mix very little with the blood. stated that it was low and its effectiveness was good. Kaya also reported that nasal decongestants and some asthma medications are also used when necessary.
Emphasizing that the only method that permanently treats the disease is immunotherapy, that is, vaccine therapy, Kaya said, “It is preferred in patients whose prevention or drug treatment is not successful or the patient does not want to use drugs continuously. It is not suitable for every patient. Patients who test positive and have allergies to up to 3 substances. It is suitable for use. There are two types, sublingual drops or injections to the skin. The treatment period lasts for 3 to 5 years. The success rate is around 50-60 percent.” used the phrases.