Neurology Specialist Prof. Dr. Barış Metin shared information and advice on the diagnosis and treatment methods of Alzheimer’s disease.
Simple forgetfulness should not be considered a sign of Alzheimer’s
Defining Alzheimer’s disease as a disease that occurs as a result of degeneration and cell death in the brain, the shrinkage of the brain tissue and subsequent loss of functions. Dr. Barış Metin continued his words as follows:
“Alzheimer’s can be seen in different age groups, but the incidence of the disease increases as one gets older. The most common age group is the most advanced age group. The symptoms are usually noticed by the relatives of the patients. The first thing to notice is forgetfulness. Some patients, with the little forgetfulness they see in themselves, ‘I wonder if I have Alzheimer’s?’ They come to us, but generally this forgetfulness is not a simple forgetfulness. It manifests itself as forgetting important events in one’s life and asking the same questions over and over. We can say that behaviors such as forgetting a phone number and forgetting something to buy when going shopping are not signs of Alzheimer’s. Forgetfulness needs to be more serious.”
Beware if the same question is asked many times!
Stating that Alzheimer’s is mostly indicated by forgetfulness that disrupts the daily life of people, Prof. Dr. Barış Metin said, “For example, the patient’s relatives say, ‘He asks one question ten more times, where to go when we go out, we eat, but will we not have dinner after ten minutes? We get notifications like ‘it asks. Such serious dimensions are a sign of Alzheimer’s. Minor forgetfulness that can be seen in everyone in daily life is not a symptom of this disease. Dementia, Dementia and Alzheimer’s are often confused with each other. In fact, dementia and dementia mean the same thing. Dementia is a foreign language word, and dementia is the Turkish equivalent of this word. There are types of dementia, and Alzheimer’s is the most common type.” said.
Forgetfulness that disrupts daily life is detected
Expressing that they listen to the person first for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, Prof. Dr. Barış Metin said, “We determine whether there is a forgetfulness that disrupts his daily life. If there is a forgetfulness that impairs the functions of the person, in the second step, we look for shrinkage in the brain, which is a symptom of the disease, with tomography or MR. There is a test that measures the functional activity of the brain to support the diagnosis, but we can apply it to some of our patients. Because there are specific findings suggestive of the disease, the test shows us whether the diagnosis is correct. Sometimes, we may request psychometric tests that measure many mental abilities, which we call detailed neuropsychological tests, in patients who doubt the diagnosis.” he said.
Early diagnosis is important
Emphasizing that Alzheimer’s is an insidious disease, Prof. Dr. Barış Metin said, “When the relatives of the patients bring the patient, the disease is usually past its initial stage, it has progressed to the middle stage and sometimes even to the advanced stage. This is not a situation we prefer because medicated treatments provide more benefits in the early stages. Forgetfulness is somewhat neglected in the elderly, it is said that it is normal to forget depending on age, but in such cases, it should not be neglected. Alzheimer’s genetic transmission is a very low disease, but sometimes we see that almost everyone in families has Alzheimer’s and there is a very serious genetic disease. In such cases, we can also have genetic tests done. As a result of these tests, we examine it and diagnose Alzheimer’s.” used the phrases.
No significant gender dominance
prof. Dr. Barış Metin said that there is no significant gender dominance in Alzheimer’s and continued his words as follows:
“This disease can be seen in both sexes. Women live longer than men, because of the higher incidence of cardiovascular disease in men. Looking at the total data on Alzheimer’s disease, women may be higher. This is because women live longer and are more likely to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease. If we do not take the age into consideration, we will see that this disease is caught at similar rates. There is also some truth to the fact that the disease is more common in unhappy people with chronic depression. Depression deprives the person of stimuli and makes them withdrawn, as a result, lack of stimuli can lead to this disease. Especially in the elderly, it is necessary to pay attention to depression and to treat it immediately.”
Retired life paves the way for Alzheimer’s
Emphasizing that it is not possible to completely prevent Alzheimer’s and reduce the risk to zero, Prof. Dr. Barış Metin said, “However, we can say that there are points to be considered in terms of lifestyle. The most important thing is to pay attention to nutrition, to be protected from obesity and diabetes. Physical activities are also very important. His retirement life paves the way for Alzheimer’s disease. That is why it is necessary to avoid retirement life. Studies have shown that people who engage in more mental activity are less likely to get this disease. However, sometimes the complaints we hear from the patients themselves show that the people around them try to have Alzheimer’s patients solve puzzles, they cannot do it, and a state of sadness arises. People without Alzheimer’s can solve a lot, but a person with Alzheimer’s will no longer be able to solve puzzles. There’s no use in forcing him about it.” said.