Dr. Lecturer Özge Ünlü made statements about the microorganism communities that are beneficial to our health in many ways. Stating that these organism communities are named as microbiota or normal flora, Ünlü said, “Our intestines constitute the most cosmopolitan and densest area in terms of microbiota content. The benefits of our microbiota such as the absorption of nutrients, the synthesis of various vitamins and the prevention of disease-causing microorganisms in their area have been known for a long time. However, studies conducted in recent years show that our intestines have important effects on our psychology, ”he said.

Stating that there is evidence that microbial products in the intestine regulate the production of serotonin, which is known as the happiness hormone among the people, and this affects the body metabolism, Ünlü said, “However, our intestines are linked to millions of nerve cells and independent from the central nervous system, intestinal motility and hormone secretion. “The fact that it can perform such functions reveals why our guts are called the second brain.”


Özge Ünlü stated that when we are excited, when we are anxious, when we are exposed to emotions such as stress and fear, we can witness that our intestines are affected quickly and react with symptoms such as cramps or diarrhea, Özge Ünlü used the following statements:

“Previously, these mood changes were thought to affect the intestines, but today there are many studies showing that problems in our digestive system drive our psychology. There is evidence that people with similar mental problems have different gut microbiota content compared to healthy people. The effects of microbiota on many diseases such as weight gain and loss, insulin resistance, diabetes, allergies, obesity, skin diseases as well as psychological disorders have caused the intestines to be considered as an active ‘second brain’ rather than a passive organ. “

In this case, Ünlü said that the question ‘What can we do to protect our intestinal health and increase the number of beneficial bacteria in our intestine’ came to the agenda, and said that our bodies were considered sterile before birth and that we first encountered microorganisms intensely at the time of birth. Later, Ünlü said that some of the microorganisms encountered with air, nutrients and contact settled in various parts of the body and depending on environmental conditions, our permanent microbiota formed over time, Ünlü concluded his words as follows:

“Studies showing that breast-fed babies have a different gut microbiota than formula-fed babies reveal to what extent our gut microbiota is affected by nutrition. In fact, as Turkish people, we are not unfamiliar with nutrients such as yoghurts or kefir that are fermented at home, which contain beneficial bacteria that we call probiotics. We can help protect our intestinal health by including more of these substances in our daily diet and by using supplements when necessary. “

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