Prof. Dr. In his written statement, Altay stated that intermittent fasting, which is called “intermittent fasting” in medical language, is now known by many people as “intermittent fasting” and “fasting diet”, it is a type of diet that is tried to be applied in many areas, and has become a lifestyle for some. noted.
Pointing out that intermittent fasting has been practiced since ancient times, Altay said that Ibn-i Sina emphasized that after eating, he should not eat or drink anything for a long time.
Altay stated that historians told that he had the habit of eating 2 meals a day in the Ottoman period and that fasting in the heavenly religions was also a type of intermittent hunger.
Stating that the person who practices intermittent fasting divides the day into “hours that can be eaten” and “hours to be hungry”, the duration of fasting usually varies between 12-24 hours, and these periods, the types of food to be eaten and whether calorie restriction is applied. He noted that it varies according to the type of hunger.
Prof. Dr. Altay, the most frequently applied varieties of intermittent fasting, “16/8 diet based on the principle of fasting for 16 hours and eating for 8 hours, 2 days a week with very low calories (400-600 calories) and 5 days of food consumption as desired and very low calories one day, alternate day hunger, where the normal diet follows each other continuously the next day.
“It has been demonstrated that the immune system could be better”
Referring to the studies on intermittent fasting, Altay expressed some of the observed results as follows:
“Sugar balance changes positively, metabolism improves, adipose tissue decreases, weight loss occurs, blood pressure decreases, harmful substances for cells decrease, stress for cells decreases, harmful cells kill themselves, repair activities in the body increase, defense system is strengthened and the body is challenging. As a result of these, it has been observed that the rate of illness in animals is lower and the life expectancy is prolonged.Energy production efficiency is achieved by using fatty acids and ketone bodies in intermittent fasting. The effects have also been demonstrated.
It is known that in obesity, the immune system is suppressed by the effect of excess fat tissue, an inflammatory-inflammatory process called ‘chronic inflammation’ occurs, the microbial beneficial structure called ‘intestinal microbiota’ is disrupted, and the substances that are poisonous to the cells called ‘free oxygen radicals’ increase. It has been shown that these negative effects can be reversed with the fat and weight loss that occur in intermittent fasting, that is, inflammation is suppressed, the defense system is strengthened, free oxygen radicals are reduced and the intestinal microbiota improves. So, it has been revealed that with intermittent fasting, the body’s immune system can be better. “
“We do not recommend intermittent fasting to those who have a special disease or condition”
Prof. Dr. Mustafa Altay pointed out that in some studies, it has been shown that the substances responsible for the effect of bacterial and viral infections, called “cytokines” and mediate inflammation, are at lower levels in intermittent fasting and Ramadan fasting.
Stating that in other studies, it has been observed that neutrophil count and natural immune complex values such as circulating immune complex are not negatively affected by intermittent fasting, Altay said, “In addition, some researchers have lost weight with the effect of intermittent fasting, the immune system is strengthened due to the above-mentioned reasons and the body is indirectly more resistant to infections. opinion is accepted. ” made its evaluation.
Emphasizing that intermittent fasting should be done under the control of physicians and dieticians, Altay said, “We do not recommend intermittent fasting to those with special conditions and diseases such as those with chronic diseases such as severe heart and kidney failure, diabetics with poor blood sugar control, those with diabetes, the elderly, pregnant women and breastfeeders.” warned.