Dr. Lecturer Elbrus Zarbaliyev replied ‘those who are curious about Gallbladder Diseases’.

What is the gall bladder and what functions does it perform in the body?

The gallbladder is a part of our digestive system and is involved in the storage of bile fluid that helps digestion of food. The bile produced in the liver during meals is emptied into the intestines for digestion. Apart from this, bile fluid, which continues to be produced continuously, is stored in the gallbladder.

What diseases does the gall bladder have?

There are some common and very rare diseases of the gallbladder in the society. Diseases such as gallstones, inflammation of the gallbladder and jaundice are more commonly known in the community. However, gallbladder cancers are also seen, albeit very rarely.

What is Gallstone disease?

Bile is a body fluid containing three different components. There is a balanced ratio of these components in the bile fluid stored in the gallbladder under normal conditions, and this ratio is provided by the healthy gallbladder. In diseases of the gall bladder, this balance cannot be maintained and the substances in the bile can collapse and form stones. Stones can be seen in different numbers and sizes.

Who gets gallstone disease?

The prevalence of gallstone disease varies in societies. This disease is relatively common in our country. It is known that it is seen at an estimated rate of 10-15% in our country. It is thought that there are some factors in the development of gallstone disease. Although this disease can be seen in anyone, it is more common in women, people with excess weight or rapid weight loss, and some hematological diseases. The fact that individuals with gallstone disease often have the same complaints in their family members shows that genetic factors also play a major role.

What complaints does it cause?

In general, more than half of the patients with stones in the gall bladder are unaware of this situation and it occurs due to triggers made for other reasons. Subjective complaints such as indigestion in the digestive system and abdominal bloating may be observed intermittently in this group of patients. Apart from this, 30-35% of patients may have serious problems due to gallstones at some time in their lives. The complaints of pain, nausea and vomiting, which are often in the upper parts of the abdomen, begin suddenly after meals. In some cases, the problem is not limited to the gall bladder and pancreatitis (inflammation of the gastrointestinal gland) due to gallstones can be seen together with jaundice, which is a condition that requires serious treatment.

How is Gallstone disease treated?

Unfortunately, there is no effective medical treatment for this disease. Surgical treatment is recommended for all detected gallstone patients, regardless of the number and size of the stones. The main reason for this is that it cannot be predicted that who may have serious problems due to gallstones. It is often preferred to perform a planned surgical treatment after the necessary preparations are made. However, in some cases, emergency surgical treatment may be required due to gallstones. Today, laparoscopic methods are used in surgical treatment and a success rate of over 95-98% is achieved. Patients do not need long treatment periods and postoperative recovery periods.

What should be considered after surgery performed for gallstones?

There is a lot of wrong information about this issue in the society. In particular, the need for a lifetime diet after surgery, some foods such as eggs and lean foods. It is true that the gallbladder has a function of storing the afraid fluid produced. After the surgery, this task is undertaken by the liver after a while. For this reason, there is no need for permanent dietary treatment after surgery. Generally, we recommend our patients not to make any restrictions and not to follow a diet after surgical treatment.

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