Varicose veins, which is estimated to be in one of every two people between the ages of 20 and 70 in the society, is known as a vascular disease whose incidence increases with age. Pointing out that varicose veins, which are more common in women than men, are also common in men due to the effect of working from home in the pandemic. Dr. Birol Tunalı said, “This vascular disease, which we encounter more frequently in women due to reasons such as pregnancy and hormone drug use, has started to be seen at almost the same rates in men due to the inactivity brought by working from home. A similar picture is valid for young people who continue their education from a distance. As early as 20-25. We started to encounter more and more varicose veins at an early age,” he said.
THE MAIN PROBLEM STRUCTURAL DISORDER IN THE WALL OF THE VESSEL
Saying that factors such as weight gain, pregnancy, sedentary life, heart and respiratory failure, and genetic predisposition can cause varicose veins, Op. Dr. Tunalı said, “Whatever the triggering factor is, there is basically a structural defect in the wall of the vein. With the enlargement that occurs as a result of this disorder, the valve in the vessel does not work properly and the blood flows backwards. As the blood has difficulty returning to the heart due to the leakage, the pressure in the vein increases, which expands the vessels. In people with clogged deep veins, the superficial veins, which carry about 10 percent of the blood, have to take over the entire blood circulation, and they form varicose veins because they expand. The most common symptoms of varicose veins can be listed as leg pain that occurs mostly in the evening, capillaries becoming visible, skin redness, itching, dryness and bleeding under the skin.
There is no need to lie under the knife for the treatment of varicose veins.
Kiss. Dr. Tunalı gave the following information about the methods they used in the treatment of varicose veins:
“The oldest and traditional method in the treatment of varicose veins is the removal of the varicose vein by surgical intervention. However, this is a method that is both laborious and takes a long time to heal. However, it is now possible to get rid of varicose veins without going under the knife. We apply various treatment methods in this area. Chief among these is foaming into the vein. Here comes the sclerotherapy process, which we can explain as correcting the varicose veins.
This method, which has been applied for many years, is mostly preferred for varicose veins thicker than 1 millimeter. During the procedure, a substance called sclerosa is injected into the vein using very fine needles. The injected substance makes the vessel walls stick together. Since blood does not pass through the adherent vein, it becomes invisible after a while and is absorbed and destroyed by the body over time.
The treatment session takes about 10-15 minutes. Afterwards, a pressure stocking is put on the person to wear continuously for 3 days. This method can destroy an average of 80% of varicose veins. In another method, laser, an apparatus called a catheter is inserted into the vein. With the help of the beam coming out of the laser device, the varicose area is completely burned. Similarly, in the radio frequency treatment method, radio waves are sent into the varicose veins using a catheter. Varicose veins are burned with the heat generated during the emergence of these waves. In all these methods, local anesthesia is applied and the patient can return to his daily life on the same day.”