Sleep apnea, which is described as respiratory arrest during sleep, threatens the majority of society.
While sleep apnea is more common in obese people, neck thickness above 43 cm in men and 38 cm in women also prepares the ground for sleep apnea.
Apart from sudden death and heart attack during sleep, the way to get rid of sleep apnea, which can also cause work and traffic accidents due to excessive daytime sleepiness, is weight loss, surgery or breathing apparatus treatment.
Sleep apnea, which is a disease caused by stenosis in the upper respiratory tract and defined as breathing for more than 10 seconds during sleep, threatens people with a body mass index over 30 more.
“The epidemic increased weight, weight increased sleep apnea”
Medicana International Izmir Hospital Chest Diseases Specialist Dr. Stating that the incidence of sleep apnea in the society is around 5 percent, Merda Erdemir Işık said, “During the epidemic period, people’s movements inevitably decreased with the effect of the bans. There were serious changes in the eating habits of people who had to spend the whole day at home. These changes brought weight gain with them. Since apnea is most common in overweight people, the incidence of sleep apnea has also increased. ” used the expressions.
Stating that neck thickness is above 43 cm in men and 38 cm in women except obesity, anatomical disorders that may cause stenosis in the nose, throat and jaw in the upper respiratory tract trigger sleep apnea, Işık said, “Thyroid diseases, alcohol use, drugs with some sleep-inducing effects, advanced age, Menopausal period in women is among the risk factors for sleep apnea. The most common symptoms of sleep apnea syndrome are loud snoring every night, witnessed apnea, excessive daytime sleepiness, tired waking and headache in the morning, frequent urination at night. Witnessed apnea is the case when the bed partner, who is sleeping next to the person, describes that his breathing stops for a while while the patient is asleep. “
Stating that the oxygen saturation falling during nighttime apnea will prepare the ground for other diseases, Işık said:
“It is observed that the prevalence of diseases such as heart attack, sudden death during sleep, paralysis, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and depression is observed in people with sleep apnea. Apart from this, the patient who has frequent sleep interruptions due to apneas during the night cannot go into deep and restful sleep, and loss of concentration, irritability, forgetfulness, school failure, poor performance in the workplace are frequently observed due to excessive daytime sleepiness, and the risks of work accidents and traffic accidents increase.
Stating that the diagnosis of sleep apnea is made by the method called polysomnography, which is based on recording sleep during the night in the sleep laboratory in the hospital, Işık said, “The number of sleep apnea per hour of the patient is determined in the records and the severity of the disease is determined. If the number of sleep apnea is between 5-15 per hour, it is defined as mild, if it is between 15-30, it is defined as moderate, and if it is above 30, it is defined as severe sleep apnea. Patients diagnosed with sleep apnea are recommended to lose weight first. Patients with mild and moderate sleep apnea should definitely undergo an ear nose throat examination and evaluate whether the disease has a chance to be surgically corrected. Respirator therapy, which we call CPAP therapy, is the only treatment option for patients with severe sleep apnea. ” used the expressions.