Professor of Gastroenterology. Dr. Vedat Göral said, “Bad breath is a common and disturbing health problem, the cause of which is often unknown. Bad breath can be occasional or sometimes chronic. Bad breath causes some negative situations in terms of social, psychological and illness. “It may cause problems between spouses and some negative problems in communication with friends at work and in society.”
Prof. Dr. Göral explained:
“Foods such as onions, garlic, spicy foods, some cheeses, fish and some acidic beverages, coffee cause this situation. Low-carbohydrate foods can cause ketone odor in the breath.
Smoking, alcohol consumption, bad oral and dental hygiene can also cause bad breath. Sinusitis, liver infection, pneumonia, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, tonsil infections, postnasal discharge, diabetes, lactose (sugar in milk) intolerance, and some kidney and liver diseases can also cause bad breath. Another factor that is often overlooked is stomach diseases. There may also be bad breath in helicobacter infection, reflux disease and gastritis in the stomach. “
Prof. Dr. Göral said, “Many healthy individuals may have bad breath due to gases accumulated in the abdomen and bacteria on the back of the tongue. This situation is physiological, saliva secretion decreases at night and may cause bacterial growth. This causes bad smell. As a result of hormonal changes, not getting enough fluid, changing eating habits, nausea and vomiting, the person may have bad breath.
Bad breath may also occur in patients with nasal congestion due to frequent breathing through the mouth. Bad breath is inevitable as a result of bacteria and food residues accumulating in the mouth as a result of foodstuffs remaining between the mouth and teeth in those who do not brush their teeth regularly or at all. Tooth decays and gum diseases can also cause bad breath. In individuals with bad breath, endoscopy should be performed to investigate whether there is stomach disease, reflux and helicobacteria. If no pathology is detected, the person should be directed to mouth and throat examination, dental examination and chest diseases examination “
Pointing out that the most important treatment is hygiene, Prof. Dr. Göral made the following recommendations: “Oral hygiene should definitely be observed, regular care of teeth and regular brushing should be done. Drinking plenty of water, chewing sugar-free gum is beneficial. The use of chewing gum, cinnamon, mint and parsley are very beneficial. If there is any disease, for example. The person should be treated in the relevant departments such as reflux disease, stomach disease, diabetes.
If the cause of bad breath is due to a drug used, the drug should be discontinued or replaced with another drug after discussing it with the relevant doctor. Dentures and bridges in the mouth should be well cleaned and dental floss should be used if necessary. Use of zinc containing mouthwash in the mouth and brushing the tongue should also be done. If there is dry mouth, medications containing artificial saliva should be recommended. If bad breath occurs in children, a pediatrician should be consulted. The consumption of all foods flavored with white flour, white sugar, glucose / fructose syrup should be reduced. “