Dietician Gül Uygun stated that Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, which is a hormonal disease, causes fat in the abdomen, insulin resistance and a tendency to consume carbohydrates in women, and that the disease can result in difficulty in appetite control and losing weight. Stating that menstrual irregularities are seen in women with a diagnosis of the disease due to the high level of male hormones in the blood, Uygun said, “These patients may also experience symptoms such as acne, increased hair growth, hair loss, and fatigue. If Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is not treated, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and depression may develop, “he said.
Explaining that women who are diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome should have a correct and balanced diet, Uygun emphasized the importance of making healthy eating a lifestyle. Pointing out that symptoms such as menstrual irregularity, acne and hair growth can be alleviated by losing weight, Uygun said that these patients should stay away from sugar. Appropriate, “Drinks such as tea and coffee should be consumed without sugar. Oatmeal should be preferred instead of sugary breakfast cereals. You should stay away from fruit milk and yoghurts sold in markets as they contain added sugar. Fruit yogurt can be made at home. “Whole wheat bread should be preferred instead of white bread, bulgur instead of rice, fruit should be preferred instead of fruit juice.”
Noting that consuming carbohydrate-source foods together with protein or fat groups slows down the absorption and prevents the rapid rise of blood sugar, he said, adding that more balanced options such as cheese, fruit and walnuts should be preferred with a whole grain bread roll. Adding that meat, chicken and fish should be consumed without skin, Uygun stated that French fries containing trans fat, popcorn, crispy chicken and packaged snacks should be avoided. Explaining that omega-3 fatty acid positively affects the course of the disease by reducing insulin resistance and androgen release, Uygun said, “Fish, which is a source of omega-3, should be consumed twice a week. It should be preferred as steamed, not fried. In addition, support should be obtained from herbal Omega-3 sources such as flax seeds and walnuts, “he said.
Adding that exercise improves blood sugar metabolism and increases insulin sensitivity, Uygun said, “An active life should be maintained by implementing the World Health Organization’s daily recommendation of 10 thousand steps.”
Appropriate, he noted that stress also raises blood glucose and high levels of cortisol exacerbate insulin resistance. Stating that providing stress management is of great importance, Uygun said that activities such as yoga and meditation can be tried.