Prof. Dr. İlker Sücüllü drew attention to colon cancer in his statement regarding April 1-7 National Cancer Week. Prof. Dr. Stating that sciatic, colon or colon cancers are among the most common cancers in the world, “These cancers are seen in an average of every 2 thousand people. The lifetime risk of getting this type of cancer is 5 percent. The disease is often in people over 50 years of age and in both genders. It is seen at similar rates. It is seen in the third place after prostate cancer and lung cancer in men, and in the third place after breast cancer and lung cancer in women, “he said.
Mentioning that the development of large intestine cancers takes place over the years, Prof. Dr. Sücüllü continued as follows:
“The disease mostly develops from benign tumors called polyps in the intestine. The period from a polyp to the development of cancer is usually around 5-7 years. This period allows us to recognize and treat the disease when it is in the polyp stage. It spreads to lymph nodes and adjacent-distant organs, especially those over the age of 50, those with large intestine cancer in their family, those with genetic polyposis, those who eat a high-calorie diet rather than fiber, those with colon polyps or cancer, ovaries, uterus or Those with a history of breast cancer, inflammatory bowel disease for more than 10 years such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are in the risk group.
In addition, obesity, not exercising, diabetes, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, regular consumption of red meat every day are factors that increase the risk. Despite all these data, no risk factors were identified in 75 percent of people who developed colon and rectal cancer. For this reason, it is recommended that even individuals aged 50 and over who have no risk factors or symptoms should be checked by colonoscopy. “
Prof. Dr. Sücüllü listed the precautions to be taken to avoid colon cancer as follows:
“The fecal occult blood test, which will be performed regularly once a year from the age of 50, is important in terms of being an early harbinger of a possible tumor. The fecal occult blood test is actively used in community screening in many countries in terms of its practical applicability and cost. The most important diagnosis is also the treatment tool, colonoscopy applications. Colonoscopy allows not only the diagnosis of the tumor, but also the detection at the stage of the polyp and its treatment by colonoscopic removal. .
It is recommended that those with a family history of colon polyps or cancer should seek genetic counseling if they need to be more sensitive in terms of higher risk. Regularly doing sports for at least 3 days a week for 30-60 minutes, folic acid, calcium and vitamin D supplements, not smoking, increasing the diet with fiber, choosing Mediterranean cuisine instead of red meat-rich diet, increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and yoghurt. it significantly reduces the risk of developing colon cancer. “
Pointing out that the most effective treatment of colon cancer is the surgical method, Prof. Dr. Sücüllü said, “Immediately after the diagnosis of cancer, the patient’s condition and treatment planning are planned with the decisions to be taken in multidisciplinary meetings, which include branches such as Oncology and Radiation Oncology. “After the surgical treatment, the patient’s condition is discussed by the same committee and the next follow-up-treatment protocols (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc.) are determined.”