Contrary to popular belief, stroke is not a disease. It is a sudden loss of brain function. After a stroke, damage to speech, swallowing, and visual functions may occur.
The loss of brain function triggers paralysis. Generally, the problem of vascular occlusion is seen in patients with sudden paralysis. Risk factors that cause stroke are loss of strength in the arms and legs, sudden speech disorders, visual disturbances, diplopia, headache and nausea.
Brain recovery possible after a stroke
When these symptoms are noticed, the emergency room should be applied immediately. Tomography and diffusion scars are required after general health checks. When a stroke is diagnosed, the treatment process should be started immediately.
Generally, the preferred treatment methods are;
If the triggering of the stroke is the problem of vascular occlusion, vascular opening treatment methods are preferred. If a stroke has occurred due to bleeding, surgery may be required by a neurosurgeon.
In cases that are noticed in the early period, hospitalization in intensive care, neurology or neurosurgery clinics may be preferred depending on the condition and severity of the patient.
First of all, it can be supported with medication to prevent recurrence of the stroke while applying medical or interventional treatments.
Robotic physical therapy methods may be preferred in the treatment of stroke resulting from stroke. With this method, the recovery time is faster. Preferred robotic methods are;
Robotic bed; the patient is placed in an upright position in the early period and walking is started. It is often preferred for passive walking exercises. It plays a very important role in the patient’s self-confidence by increasing mobility. With regular exercise plans, the person can easily move over time.
Hand – Arm robot; Ideal for three dimensional exercises. It is used for daily movements exercises. In this way, an intensive treatment is applied with frequent repetitions. There are sensors that detect whether the patient has made the desired hand-arm movement during the application. Thanks to these sensors, it is easy to check whether the movement has been made or not. As the patient’s lost functions are fulfilled, the support provided by the device is reduced.
Walking robot; It is preferred for patients who have partially lost the ability to walk. With this robot, the patient can stand up and practice walking movements. Its outstanding feature is that it enables the development of walking in the most physiological way by making the normal movement of the pelvis and hip area without difficulty. While the pressures on the sole of the foot are felt naturally, the ankle-knee-hip alignment is maintained in a normal way.
Non-gravity walking belt; the patient’s body weight can be reduced by up to 80% relative to gravity. In this way, the person can perform the necessary exercises without worrying. The benefits to the patient are; It provides walking information in real time, creating a safe area against falling, and enabling exercises based on strength and endurance.