What Causes Pancreatic Pain?
In fact, the pancreas is essential for the secretion of enzymes that help digest complex carbohydrates and lipids; It also produces insulin and glucagon hormones that regulate the level of glucose in the blood. Pancreatitis, or pancreatic inflammation, can be due to a variety of reasons.
The most common is represented by diseases of the biliary tract, especially gallbladder and liver stones. These little pebbles can actually end in the common bile duct, a small channel that carries bile from the gallbladder to the first part of the small intestine; The pancreatic duct also opens into the common bile duct, so its obstruction prevents the pancreas from pouring digestive juices into the intestine. Digestive enzymes can stagnate in the pancreas, becoming already active inside the gland and severely damaging it.
The result is severe pain in the abdominal region, the causes of nausea are very variable in terms of the pathological picture. It ranges from mild forms that resolve within a few days to severe forms that can have a fatal evolution.
Which Diseases May Symptoms of Pancreatic Pain?
Pancreatitis can take two forms, acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and severely. It is manifested by severe pain in the upper abdomen radiating to the back and is often associated with nausea, vomiting, sweating, and fever. The main complications of this acute inflammation are represented by damage to the pancreatic tissue with the formation of pseudocysts that can become infected and form an abscess.
However, in severe cases, the complications may be systemic and the disease may turn into septicemia, a state of shock. It can also cause kidney and respiratory failure.
Chronic pancreatitis, on the other hand, is a less severe inflammatory process, but continues over time, leading to progressive destruction of the gland and thus dysfunction.
How Does Pancreatic Pain Go?
Over time, the pancreas tends to become calcified by replacing damaged pancreatic cells with scar tissue. The main symptom of chronic pancreatitis is persistent or intermittent abdominal pain associated with slow weight loss. Chronic pancreatitis also causes digestive problems, malabsorption of many nutrients, but above all causes diabetes. As expected, pancreatitis can be due to a variety of causes. As we see, it can often be attributed to its existence.
Chronic pancreatitis also causes digestive problems, malabsorption of many nutrients, but above all causes diabetes. As expected, pancreatitis can be due to a variety of causes. As we see, it can often be attributed to its existence.
The pain ends with treatment based on the cause of the pain.
How to Understand the Cause of Pancreatic Pain?
Turning to the diagnosis of pancreatitis, the first helpful clues come from analyzing the symptoms reported by the patient. Later, it is possible to detect an increase in pancreatic enzymes thanks to blood tests. In fact, if the pancreatic tissue is damaged, these enzymes enter the bloodstream and can be detected by simple blood tests. Hyperglycemia is also common, given the damage to the pancreas, a sign that insulin production is declining.
Ultrasound and CT scanning are also used for diagnostic purposes. Ultrasound can give an idea of the extent of pancreatic damage and is also useful for revealing the presence of gallstones. Other tests, such as abdominal CT scan, when performed with contrast material and magnetic resonance imaging, they allow to more clearly recognize pancreatitis, differentiate mild and severe forms, and monitor the course of the disease.
Pancreatitis treatment primarily involves eliminating the cause of pancreatic inflammation. For example, depending on the situation, it is possible to intervene surgically to remove stones obstructing the common bile duct and avoid alcohol consumption.