Its frequency increases with the increase of risk factors. As a result of risk factors, it appears as a sudden heart attack or advanced atherosclerotic disease with age. Cardiology Specialist Dr. Lecturer Ceyhan T├╝rkkan, a member, explained how heart diseases show symptoms on the skin.

Atherosclerosis, in the simplest terms, is the accumulation of fat in the vascular wall and is a progressive disease in which many factors such as genetics, nutrition and movement play a role. Atherosclerosis affects all vessels in the body, primarily brain vessels, leg vessels, kidney and intestinal vessels, as well as heart vessels. The order of priority also varies from person to person. Apart from the veins, diseases affecting the heart muscle or heart valves may also appear as heart failure or rhythm disorders.

All these diseases can sometimes give us visible clues. Recognizing them can enable us to diagnose early, reduce risk factors, and slow or stop the course of the disease.

So what are these?

1. Fat deposits around the eyes: In the presence of high cholesterol, some people may have irregularly circumscribed yellowish-colored fat deposits around the eyes, associated with atherosclerosis and increased risk of heart attack.

2. Fat belly: Weight gain from the belly is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis and heart attack in everyone.

3. Abdominal pain after meals: Abdominal pain that develops after meals, continues for a while and then passes, regardless of the person’s weight, may be a symptom of atherosclerosis.

4. Swelling of the legs and feet: Swelling in both legs, leaving scars when pressed, stretching the skin and sometimes causing itching may be a sign of heart failure, unilateral being usually seen in vein diseases.

1. Hair loss: Although the mechanism of baldness that occurs at an early age is not clear, it may be the result of the insufficiency of the thin vein that feeds the hair follicles, which may be a symptom of general vascular disease.

2. Decrease in leg hair: Stenosis and blockages in leg veins as a result of atherosclerosis may cause a decrease in the blood flow to the legs and loss of leg hair, generally accompanied by leg pain when walking.

3. Redness on the cheeks: It is missed in valvular heart diseases, especially in mitral valve stenosis, and indicates that the disease may be advanced.

4. Bruising on lips: Bruising may be seen on the lips as a result of mixing of dirty and clean blood, which is seen especially in congenital heart diseases, increases with crying in infancy, becomes apparent as a result of effort at later ages.

5. Decrease in sexual functions: Erection problem may be a symptom of vascular disease as a result of atherosclerosis, it is very closely related to smoking.

6. Increased or irregularity in the pulse rate: It can be seen in heart rhythm disorders, together with heart valve diseases or as a result of high blood pressure. The risk of stroke increases with age.

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