It is a disease that requires constant care
The elderly population is quite high in our country. One of the most dangerous diseases for the elderly population is the risk of hip fracture. The reason why hip fracture is a difficult disease is that it requires long-term care. It significantly reduces the quality of life of the person and may cause psychological problems other than health problems.
Attention to age 65 and over
Hip fracture is mostly seen as a result of falls. Fractures seen with falling cause severe consequences, especially in people aged 65 and over. The vast majority of falls at the age of 65 and over are experienced in the home. Age progression, physiological changes, decreased vision, loss of condition may predispose to hip fracture.
Fractures are treatable diseases, but the treatment process can be long and unsuccessful as a result of its occurrence at later ages. Common causes of falls are;
Side effects of the drugs used
– Still life order
Weakening of muscles and bones
Parkinson’s and similar ailments
– Non-ideal floors, stairs
The method of treatment is surgical intervention
Surgical applications are generally preferred in the treatment of hip fractures. The purpose of these applications is to save the person from being tied to the bed. Two different surgical treatments are applied. It is preferred in patients with potential for union in osteosynthesis method. It can be applied in the lower part of the fractured thigh bone. The second preferred method is prosthesis. It is preferred in patients with low potential for fracture union. It is applied in very elderly patients with low potential for fracture union. Since the metal prosthesis is placed in the broken area, the patient can walk immediately after the operation.
Possible to prevent hip fractures
Hip fracture is a preventable health problem, even in older ages. Thanks to the measures that can be taken inside the house, it is possible to eliminate the risks completely. For people aged 65 and over, the places of the lights that are difficult to reach should be changed and the items that may cause obstacles such as tables, chairs or cables in the walking path should be removed. High beds that are difficult to lie down should be made suitable for the person to use. Chairs and tables that do not have feet on the ground or have the risk of slipping should be corrected.
The height of the toilet in the toilet used should be made appropriate if it prepares the ground for falling in the lights. The use of sensor lights, narrow stairs and slippery handrails should be avoided whenever possible.
Apart from these, the person’s muscles and coordination should be strengthened. Walking, strengthening exercises and balance exercises should be done alternately and made into a habit. A healthy and balanced diet should be consumed and attention should be paid to quality protein intake.