Kiss. Dr. İbrahim Sayın, “In a normal eye, eye fluid is constantly produced and emptied by being absorbed in a balanced way. Thus, intraocular pressure remains at normal levels. If the discharge of the produced eye fluid is prevented, the intraocular pressure increases and Eye Blood Pressure Disease (Glaucoma) occurs. High intraocular pressure damages the optic nerve and, if left untreated, can lead to vision loss leading to blindness. The most common cause of permanent vision loss worldwide is glaucoma, affecting 1 out of every 40 people over the age of 40. Glaucoma causes permanent vision loss in both eyes, that is, blindness, in one of every 20 people with the disease.
“IT IS SEEN IN 10 PERCENT OF OVER 60”
Stating that glaucoma is seen at a rate of 10 percent over the age of 60, İbrahim Sayın said, “There are also types seen in infancy (congenital glaucoma) and childhood. Glaucoma is a disease that can occur in anyone. However, some factors may increase the risk of developing the disease. Glaucoma attention is diagnosed with an eye exam. Since glaucoma is a disease that progresses slowly but progresses continuously and gradually leads to optic nerve damage, that is, vision loss, it is very important to diagnose it early. When glaucoma is diagnosed, it is not possible to revive the visual cells that have been destroyed so far, the treatment is aimed at the remaining intact visual cells.
Kiss. Dr. İbrahim Mr. explained his diagnosis of glaucoma as follows:
“Eye Pressure Measurement: It is measured with an instrument called a tonometer. Measuring the eye pressure gives very important clues about whether the person has a suspicion of glaucoma even if he has no complaints. Currently, it is the easiest and fastest glaucoma screening method that can be performed in polyclinic examination conditions.
Since eye pressure is an important clue, it should be measured by an ophthalmologist and should be a part of the eye examination. Because high eye pressure does not mean glaucoma. Normal eye pressure is 10-20 mm Hg. Optic Nerve Head Examination: Optic nerve head examination is one of the most important examination methods in the diagnosis and follow-up of glaucoma.
The optic nerve head can be examined by the physician by direct observation using an ophthalmoscope or similar devices, and by tomography using computerized imaging methods. The aim of all methods is to reveal the changes that occur in the optic nerve head and to monitor the progress that may occur in glaucoma damage over time.
Visual Field Examination: The visual field is obtained by demonstrating the sensitivity of the visual cells in the retina based on the patient’s expression.
Visual field examination, called perimetry, is nowadays performed using computerized automatic perimeters. These perimeters produce the light stimuli themselves, evaluate the patient’s responses, make comments by comparing them with the findings of the normal people in them, and can monitor the changes that may occur in the same patient over time.”
Saying that there are 3 types of methods in the treatment of glaucoma, Sayın said, “Drug therapy (Drop therapy): It is the most commonly used form of treatment, and it is very effective with various drugs today.
Oral medication: Rarely used. Laser treatment and surgical treatment: It is preferred in cases where medication and laser treatment are not sufficient.”