General Surgery Specialist, Op. Dr. Saber Sazdar stated that the gallbladder does not produce bile, bile accumulates in the bladder and pumps bile after eating, including heavy meals, and it is effective in digestion.

Sazdar stated that the presence of gallstones causes complications in the body in two ways.

“First, the stones are usually small and cause blockage of the pathway that allows bile to flow into the duodenum, which we call common bile duct, and cause jaundice in the patient. Second, bile is an acid and the duodenum tolerates a certain degree of acidity, but the presence of the stones lowers the acid pH and the acid destroys the mucous membrane of the duodenum. The presence of stones causes the formation of intestinal gases continuously. Therefore, its treatment is surgery. It is generally performed in the form of closed surgery, which we call laparoscopy.

“Can be seen without symptoms”

Emphasizing that gallstones, which are sometimes in the form of small particles in the form of sand and sometimes in the form of larger pebbles, often do not cause any symptoms, Sazdar stated that asymptomatic stones, which are noticed incidentally with methods such as ultrasound, affect the lives of patients in about half of the cases.

Sazdar said, “In cases where stones fall into the bile duct, obstruct the gallbladder duct and cut the exit of bile, some symptoms of gallstones occur. These include pain starting from the middle upper part of the abdomen to the right back and shoulder, nausea and vomiting, in the shoulder blade after meals. we can express it as pain, indigestion, abdominal swelling. found the assessment.




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