Specialist Clinical Psychologist Tuğçe Özer, who stated that anxiety, which has become increasingly widespread with the effect of the pandemic recently, is a psychological disease known as ‘anxiety disorder’, drew attention to the fact that although it seems normal to have anxiety in daily life, in extreme cases, a medical illness can be in question.
Anxiety disorder (anxiety); Stating that there are common symptoms such as increased heart rate, shortness of breath, being constantly tired, insomnia, muscle and bone pains, digestive problems, excessive sweating, tremors, and decreased immunity, Uzm. Clinical Psychologist Tuğçe Özer gave information about what needs to be considered.
HEART RATE INCREASE WHEN FEAR
Expressing that one of the most well-known physical symptoms of anxiety is an increase in heart rate, Özer said, “In a moment of fear and anxiety, with the nervous system being affected, more blood begins to be pumped to the heart, and thus the body begins to beat the larger muscles as if they are preparing for a possible war. This situation creates a feeling of palpitation in the person,” he said.
FAST BREATHING DISORDERS OXYGEN BALANCE
shortness of breath; Stressing that it is another important symptom, Psychologist Tuğçe Özer said, “The oxygen we take into our body by breathing starts to circulate in our body by mixing with our blood. Responses to stress, again based on primitive instincts, send a signal to our nervous system that we need more oxygen. Thus, we begin to breathe more frequently. Breathing too fast disrupts the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide. As the body cannot balance between taking in oxygen and giving out carbon dioxide, the other symptom of anxiety, shortness of breath, will appear.
A PERMANENT FEELING OF FAILURE MAY Arise
Noting that being tired all the time is a symptom of anxiety, Özer said, “Our body spends a lot of energy trying to cope with stress reactions, and this causes us to feel tired. The energy we receive is not enough and we see that our sleep is insufficient. Being in a state of constant anxiety creates a feeling of endless tiredness. In addition to physical fatigue, mental fatigue is also one of the factors that trigger anxiety.
THE WAY TO REDUCE ANXIETY IS TO REGULATE SLEEP
Pointing out that our body secretes a large amount of adrenaline and cortisol hormones when we are in an anxious mood, Özer emphasized that this hormone also makes it difficult to go to sleep and shared the following information:
“The basis of reducing anxiety lies in regulating sleep. At the very least, you can take a drug that will regulate your sleep rhythm by a psychiatrist, or you can stay away from blue rays to fall asleep. You can drip lavender oil or get help from a professional.”
MUSCLE AND BONE ACHES CAN TURN INTO HEADACHES
Stating that one of the reactions to stress is muscle and bone pain, Özer said, “Tension of the muscles in the body can cause chronic pain. If precautions are not taken, these bone and muscle pains can also turn into headaches.
Emphasizing that people with anxiety also have various problems in their digestive systems, Özer said that intestinal problems such as stomachache and constipation occur, and that even the intestines, which are directly connected to the brain, are directly affected by stress and begin to give signs of deterioration.
Sweat DRAINING CAN BE EXPERIENCED
Expressing that our body begins to react when the nervous system is overstimulated, Özer added that another point caused by anxiety is the state of excessive sweating, which we call sweat discharge.
Noting that the hormones affected by anxiety attacks can cause tremors in the body, Özer said, “While tremors that are often seen in the hands are common, they can also occur in the legs and arms.”
FLU AND COLD ARE MORE DIFFICULT TO HEAL
Underlining that a decrease in immunity is another anxiety symptom that needs attention, Özer said:
“People with anxiety have difficulties even with the ailments that everyone goes through, such as the flu and the common cold. Immunity drops more quickly in people with anxiety disorders and people are more likely to get these diseases. Anxiety; Since it is a factor that constantly stimulates the nervous system in the form of ‘fight or flight’, the body is surprised how it will react, leaving the body vulnerable to seasonal diseases.”
DON’T SAY “EVERYONE IS LIVING THIS, NOT JUST YOU”
Psychologist Tuğçe Özer made the following suggestions about what we should do if we are with a person who has an anxiety attack:
“We should ask open-ended questions about how the other person feels, we should empathize with him and question how he feels, we should listen to the other side without putting ourselves in the foreground by going into the background, we should make him see his mistakes in a polite way, we should make him realize where he is stuck in himself without blaming-judgment.”
Listing the things that should definitely not be done in the face of anxiety, Özer said, “We should not tell the person to stay calm or breathe. We should not say that there is nothing to worry about, on the contrary, it can make him worry. We should not make sentences like ‘Everyone is experiencing this, not just you’. We should not say harshly that everything is his fault.”