The skin, which is exposed to the sun during the summer months, especially during extremely hot periods, is damaged by the effect of the sun. Sunburn is an acute inflammation of the involved area that occurs as a result of intense exposure of the skin to sunlight. When sunburn occurs in large areas, it can cause dangerous systemic effects and can be life-threatening. Individuals and children with fair skin color are at risk for burns because their skin is more sensitive.
For this reason, children should definitely use protective accessories such as hats and sunglasses when going out in the sun and should not neglect to apply sunscreen.
A typical symptom of sunburn is reddened skin, which is often painful with movement. The skin may also be slightly swollen and itchy. Severe burns may also contain fluid-filled blisters. If there is severe pain or swelling, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
If infants or young children have been exposed to sunburn, a doctor should be consulted.
After the formation of sunburns, it is necessary to wash with cold water. You can take a shower with cold water. While taking a shower, make sure that the water pressure is low. In addition, using a cloth moistened with cold water, regular compresses can be made without pressing on the burned area.
Products containing chemical substances should not be used on bodies with sunburn. Because chemicals can cause more damage to the worn leather. Regular cooling with cold water is ideal for sunburned skin.
The most common mistake is applying yoghurt or toothpaste on the burned skin, which is also widely used in society. It does not have a healing effect on the inflammatory process that occurs on the skin due to burns. In addition, it is beneficial to avoid applying foods such as yogurt and cheese to the skin, as bacteria in dairy products trigger infections.
Products containing chamomile or aloe vera accelerate healing if applied to the burned area due to their anti-inflammatory properties. However, before applying any ointment or cream to the skin, it is necessary for safety to test it by applying it to a small area of your skin to test whether you are allergic to any of its ingredients. Applying moisturizing gels and lotions to the burned areas several times a day helps keep fluid loss to a minimum.
boiling water burns
Children often present to the emergency room because of liquid-induced burns, such as spills of hot water, milk, and soup. The first thing to do is to quickly remove the substance that caused the burn, and the ideal first aid for this is to wash with cold water for about 15 minutes until the pain subsides.
In the summer months, the number of cases of miscarriage increases in the emergency room. Extremity trauma, such as arm and leg, is more common, but the most dangerous is head trauma. In extremity traumas, we should apply to the nearest emergency room by applying ice without moving the area where the child describes the pain. In case of head trauma, we must apply to the nearest emergency room by monitoring consciousness and without shaking it.
With the coming of the summer months, children start to spend time in the sea or pool. Thus, the incidence of drowning is increasing. When we see a drowning child at the scene, the first thing we should do is ask for help. If we know the basic life support until the assistant team arrives, we can start to intervene the patient at the scene immediately. The most important point here is to take ourselves first and then the drowning person to a safe environment.
As children spend more time outside in the summer months, the frequency of infection increases. Especially in common areas such as parks and playgrounds, the risk of diseases transmitted through contact and droplets increases. For this, we should pay attention to hand cleaning and avoid contact of dirty hands with mucous membranes (mouth, eyes, etc.). During the summer, we see children presenting to the emergency department most frequently with symptoms such as fever, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Viral infections are usually caused by these symptoms. We conduct the relevant examinations and arrange their treatment.
Called ‘sea saliva’, mucilage is a thick, sticky substance produced by almost all plants and some microorganisms. It is formed as a result of rising sea temperature and increasing bacteria as the temperature rises. The jelly-like layer formed on the sea causes allergic symptoms such as burning and redness in the early period when it comes into contact with our skin. Especially since mucilage is seen in the Marmara Sea and the northern Aegean Sea, I recommend that they do not swim in the area where mucilage is visible in layers. In order to protect our children entering the sea in these regions, they should take a shower when they come out of the sea and apply to the nearest emergency service when they have complaints such as burning on the skin, redness, respiratory distress.