Stating that finger sucking can cause severe dental and skeletal orthopedic problems, Dr. Lecturer Şirin Hatipoğlu said, “Almost all babies suck their fingers. For this reason, we should not call the sucking finger we see in infancy as a bad habit. Finger sucking habits should be followed from infancy and should be intervened when necessary. We consider finger sucking that continues after the age of 3 as pathological and it is imperative that we intervene. For this reason, we suggest to families that orthodontic examinations should also start at an early age, ”he said.


Stating that the teeth and jaws of the sucking child are deteriorated depending on the severity and duration of the finger sucking, Hatipoğlu said, “The lower jaw development of the finger sucking child may be affected, the lower teeth are tilted backwards, the tongue side, the upper teeth are pushed forward and up, towards the lip, the lower upper teeth and the distance between the jaws occurs. As the finger is placed between the teeth, an opening enough to enter the finger occurs between the lower and upper front teeth, the palate deepens and narrows. Sometimes deformations can be seen in the sucked finger. The sucked finger may be narrower and longer than the similar finger in the other hand, and teeth marks may also be seen on the sucked finger. The finger that is absorbed the most is the thumb. However, the index finger can be sucked alone or together with the index and middle finger, ”he said.


Stating that breaking the finger sucking habit is the first goal to be achieved during the treatment, Hatipoğlu stated that the second goal of the treatment is the need to remove the tongue located between the teeth during swallowing after the habit is broken, and used the following statements:

“Your lower and upper front teeth should be able to elongate so that the open bite can be improved. If the tongue continues to penetrate between the teeth, the open bite formed as a result of finger sucking does not improve and becomes permanent. Thus, an acquired open-bite disorder without a genetic background occurs. We can successfully achieve these two treatment goals with mobile or fixed habit breakers. “

Hatipoğlu, who also gave information about the mobile orthodontic treatment method and the age group of this method can be applied to pediatric patients, said, “In order to prevent problems that may develop due to factors such as bad habits, finger sucking, abnormal swallowing, tongue pushing, to make room for permanent teeth or to correct simple dental disorders. It is a form of treatment in which various moving devices are used. It is applied to pediatric patients between the ages of 8 and 11 on average, who are in the mixed dentition period ”.

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