The continuation of thumb sucking habit after the age of 3-4 is considered normal by experts. However, this habit, which continues in the later period, until the age of 9-10, can cause irregularities in the ordering of the teeth. Medipol Mega University Hospital, Pediatric Dental Health Department, Assoc. Dr. Aslı Patır Münevveroğlu said, “Always putting hands that are in contact with the outside world to the mouth causes the child to be exposed to microbes.

Continuation of this habit in later ages shows that this is a psychological phenomenon. In the child sucking fingers, serious irritation and deterioration in the structure of the sucked fingers, deterioration in the teeth and mouth structure, and consequently deterioration in voice and speech can be seen.

Explaining that finger sucking behavior is only a psychological problem, Assoc. Dr. Aslı Patır Münevveroğlu said, “Therefore, more effective results can be obtained when the treatment plan to be applied is multidisciplinary.

This also means that more than one expert works together. The first is the physical or medical treatment by the dentist; The second is the psychotherapeutic treatment in which the psychological background underlying this behavior is studied. Physical therapy often includes two different concepts, “he said.

Stating that the use of pacifiers in babies is very important, Assoc. Dr. Aslı Patır Münevveroğlu said, “There is a habit in the society of soaking pacifiers in something sugary and giving them to babies. This is a very wrong action.

The size of the pacifier should be suitable for the structure of the mouth. Silicone pacifiers are especially recommended for families. Palate-less pacifiers are not recommended after the age of one, as they may disrupt the palate structure by putting pressure on the palate. He warned that the way the pacifiers are used by being immersed in sugary products causes tooth decay.

He explained the damages of the habit of using pacifiers until the age of 3-4 on the mouth and tooth structure with the following words:

“It can cause the upper teeth to be positioned anteriorly, the lower teeth to inward, a significant narrowing in the palate structure (V-shaped palate), closing disorders between the lower and upper jaws called ‘open bite’ and speech disorders. malocclusion) may cause abrasions on tooth surfaces, difficulties in chewing, function and excessive accumulation of load on the bone and gum structures that support teeth.

Left untreated, many problems can become more serious over time, leading to more complex treatment. Pedodontics can be arranged with treatments to be applied by orthodontics (wire treatment) and surgical branches. The important thing here is the early diagnosis of the problem rather than the details of the treatment. Therefore, it is useful to have your child examined by a specialist at the age of 6-7, except for other dental problems, whether he has a complaint or not. “

Assoc. Dr. Aslı Patır Münevveroğlu shared the following information about treatment options:

“The child is convinced of the sucked finger and attaching a harmless apparatus called the appliance. It is difficult for the child to put this appliance in his mouth, as it is difficult for the child to put the finger in his mouth, considering it from a behavioral point of view, it will act as a reminder (stimulus) when he puts his finger in his mouth and can be effective in reducing sucking behavior.

Appliances that break the habit of teeth may be preferred. This apparatus, which is used for a similar purpose to the appliances attached to the finger, is placed on the teeth of the child by the dentist. These arcs, besides their function like an appliance, can also be effective in improving the deteriorated tooth and mouth structure. “




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