Prof. Dr. Deniz Evcik said that fibromyalgia syndrome, which causes widespread and chronic pain in the musculoskeletal system, significantly reduces the quality of life of patients. Stating that it ranks second among the most common rheumatic diseases, Evcik said, “Fibromyalgia syndrome, which is at least 3 times more common in women compared to men, can occur in children and elderly patients. It is a pain disease that can cause delays in diagnosis and treatment due to its wide variety.Most of the patients experience burnout and despair due to uncertainties in the diagnosis and treatment process. The individual exercise program is an indispensable part of the treatment, but it should be planned under the leadership of the physician, taking the pain levels into consideration, “he said.


Prof. Dr. The complaints of patients with petiole, fibromyalgia syndrome are pain that does not pass all over the body, waking up tired and feeling constantly tired, foggy thinking structure and distraction, edema and constant swelling in various parts of the body, tingling, numbness, burning, headache, palpitations, He noted that there were cramps in the legs, painful menstruation, burning while urinating, irregularities in bowel activities, impaired quality of life, and difficulty in going to work.


Stating that there are no known laboratory and imaging tests specific to the disease, Evcik said, “Some developed diagnostic criteria have also changed over time. In one of the last diagnostic suggestions, the body is divided into 9 regions. “Fibromyalgia syndrome can be diagnosed if these complaints persist for at least 3 months. The diagnosis of the disease is made by specialist physicians, especially physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians, after listening to a detailed patient history and performing a physical examination,” he said.


Stating that the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome includes both medicated and non-drug treatments, Evcik said, “Among the drug options, antidepressants and antiepileptic drugs are the leading. Simple painkillers and muscle relaxants are not effective on the disease, but they may benefit the accompanying symptoms. “It comes to exercise therapy. Informing the patient about the subject, patient education, cognitive behavioral treatments, spa treatments, physical therapy and rehabilitation applications are also among the useful methods. Methods such as yoga, acupuncture and meditation can also be applied.”

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