Prof. from the Department of Organ Transplantation. Dr. Onur Yaprak made important statements regarding the symptoms of fatty liver disease, the prevalence of which is increasing day by day in the world. Leaf pointed out that fatty liver affects 1 out of every 3 people and said, “The widespread use of processed and ready-to-eat foods containing many additives, glucose syrup, fructose, fast food, inactivity, obesity have brought along fatty liver, a disease of the modern age. People with simple adiposity usually have no obvious complaints and are usually only detected during routine blood tests or incidentally performed ultrasonography, MRI or some surgical procedures.
Expressing that symptoms may occur with increased fat in the liver, Prof. Dr. Leaf continued:
“If the fat progresses and causes inflammation and hardening of the liver, first fatigue and weakness, a feeling of fullness in the right abdomen, and then obvious signs of cirrhosis manifest themselves. People with the highest development of fatty liver; obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes patients and almost 80 percent of these people have fatty liver. Therefore, those at risk should have their liver fat checked by blood tests and radiological methods.”
prof. Dr. Leaf, referring to the use of both blood analysis and radiological imaging methods for the detection of fatty liver, said, “As a blood test; AST, ALT, GGT are the tests we specifically want. It is also necessary to control HOMA-IR and fasting blood sugar, cholesterol and triglyceride levels for insulin resistance that leads to adiposity. In terms of radiological imaging, ultrasonography is the fastest and most practical method, but multifunctional devices, which we call elastography or fibroscan, which also measure the degree of hardness of the liver, are more effective for evaluating the liver than simple ultrasound devices. In terms of the degree of lubrication, some special programs on MR or tomography provide extremely valuable information.
prof. Dr. Leaf expressed the following words about what to do against fatty liver:
“In people with liver fat, fat can be removed with a diet and exercise program that will give up to 10 percent of their body weight. This can be achieved to a great extent by reducing carbohydrate-rich foods, fast food products, foods containing saturated fat and switching to a Mediterranean type diet, stopping eating after 7 pm, and simply taking half an hour walks a day.”