According to experts, the risk of heart disease is low in countries that do not use trans fats. It has been announced that cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and fatty liver have decreased by about 6 percent in countries that have banned trans fats recently.
Stating that trans fats cause many diseases that negatively affect human life, Assoc. Dr. Ümit Aydoğan said that products containing these oils should definitely not be brought into the kitchen.
Stating that there is a close cause and effect relationship between people’s eating habits and diseases, Health Sciences University Gülhane Medicine Faculty Family Medicine Department Lecturer Assoc. Dr. Ümit Aydoğan, “Especially when investigating why in certain diseases, the most questioned main foodstuffs are fats. Fat ratios in the diet are of great importance for the lipid content (profile, distribution) of a healthy person in the blood.
Stating that fats are divided into two main groups as saturated and unsaturated fats, Assoc. Dr. Aydoğan said, “Saturated fats are solid even at room temperature, causing fat accumulation and weight gain, especially in the human body. Therefore, the intake of saturated fats, which increase the LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol) level the most, should be reduced in the daily diet.
Unsaturated fats are; They are fats that are abundant in vegetable products such as olive oil, hazelnut oil, canola oil, corn, soybean, sunflower oil, nuts, seeds, and especially in fish such as mackerel, toncin, and salmon that live in cold waters, which are not synthesized in the human body and must be taken with food. Unsaturated fats increase insulin sensitivity and reduce triglyceride levels.
Noting that trans fats are formed as unsaturated fats in different ways, Assoc. Dr. Aydoğan said, “During the cooking process, frying oils turn into trans fats.
Trans fats, which are frequently used in the food industry, act like saturated fats in the body and negatively affect bad cholesterol. While trans fats cause a decrease in HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol) levels, unsaturated fats increase HDL-cholesterol levels.
For a healthy diet, it is necessary to limit or reduce the intake of saturated fat in the diet and the intake of trans fats, which act just like saturated fats.