What is Eczema?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition that affects people of all ages. Atopic eczema is the most common form of eczema and tends to run in families. “Atopic” is a term used to describe the tendency to develop eczema, asthma, and hay fever. Some people may only have atopic eczema, but others may also have asthma or hay fever. The main characteristic of atopic eczema is itching, which from time to time becomes almost unbearable and causes sleep loss and restlessness.

What Causes Eczema?

Eczema is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Dry skin in atopic eczema is caused by a genetically defective skin barrier. In people with eczema, the skin may not hold water. Also, some everyday ingredients, such as soap and detergents, dry out the skin. Since it is not filled with water enough, gaps are opened between skin cells. This means that the skin barrier is not as effective as it should be and bacteria or irritants can pass through more easily. These then trigger an inflammatory response that causes a rash in eczema flare-ups. Although the exact cause of eczema is unknown, it has been determined that an excessive immune response causes this condition to occur. Food allergies may play a role in causing eczema in some children.

Eczema Symptoms

Eczema symptoms can vary greatly from person to person. In some children, eczema can be very severe and difficult to treat. The typical symptoms of eczema can be listed as follows:

Dry skin,
Itching that can be particularly severe at night
Especially on hands, feet, ankles, ankles, neck, upper chest, eyelids, elbow and knee folds, and infants, face and scalp with red to brownish gray spots,
Small, raised bumps
Thickened, chapped, scaly skin,
Sensitive and swollen skin due to itching.
Eczema generally begins before the age of 5 and can continue into adolescence and adulthood. For some people it shines periodically and then resolves for a while, even for several years.

Pollen Can Cause Eczema Flare

A significant proportion of children with eczema may experience an eczema flare-up during the pollen season. Particularly, some children with difficult-to-treat eczema may experience an eczema flare-up due to the pollen season. Sensitivity to one or more pollen and spring allergy are also common in children in this group. In addition, dark-skinned children experience more frequent flare-ups during the pollen season than light-skinned children. Sensitivity to one or more types of pollen is more common in darker skinned types than in fair skin types. Children with eczema flare-ups during the pollen season generally have hay fever and dark skin.

The importance of the season in patients with atopic eczema

In general, symptoms of eczema are worse in winter due to the potential dehydration of the skin due to exposure to low humidity in the environment (eg cold air and central heating). However, some patients experience disease flares during the spring and summer months.

It is known that children with atopic eczema experience seasonal changes in disease severity; The winter months are the seasons when the severity of eczema generally increases. There is a lack of information about children with eczema, in which the severity of eczema increases in the spring and summer. One-third of the patients with difficult-to-treat eczema have eczema exacerbation during the pollen season and in the summer months. According to the results of a study, it was revealed that eczema flare-ups were experienced more frequently during the pollen season, especially in children with dark skin types.

Is Eczema Contagious?

Eczema is not contagious, it is not transmitted from one person to another. However, eczema can be inherited and inherited from your parents to you.

Allergic Flu, Asthma and Eczema Connection

There is a link between allergic rhinitis and asthma and atopic dermatitis. If a parent has allergic rhinitis or asthma, their child is more likely to have skin problems. However, many children with atopic dermatitis are more likely to develop hay fever or asthma.

How Is Eczema Treated?

Eczema symptoms are different for everyone. In most types of eczema, it is necessary to know the trigger for the treatment of symptoms. Some things you can do to treat eczema symptoms include:

Try to avoid triggers that aggravate the condition. Things that can worsen skin reaction include sweat, stress, obesity, soaps, detergents, dust, and pollen. Reduce your exposure to your triggers.
Apply a regular moisturizing routine.
If your doctor has prescribed medication, use it according to the instructions.
Watch out for signs of skin infection.
– Be gentle on the affected area, do not rub or scratch. Avoid irritating fabrics, such as wool, that can worsen your eczema by choosing soft and breathable clothing.
Take shorter baths or showers and use lukewarm water instead of hot water. After bathing, gently pat your skin dry with a soft towel and apply moisturizer while your skin is still moist.
Use only mild soaps. Choose mild soaps. Antibacterial soaps can remove more natural oils and dry your skin.

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