exp. Dr. Kıvanç Katmerlikaya gave information about hemiplegia, also known as stroke or paralysis among the public, which is the most common brain and nervous system disorder in the world.
Katmerlikaya stated that among the risk factors of stroke, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart-related disorders, advanced age, smoking and alcohol use, sedentary (sedentary) lifestyle, cerebral hemorrhage or aneurysm, traumatic brain injuries and hereditary factors can be listed.
Stating that stroke develops as a result of damage to brain cells due to occlusion or bleeding in the brain vessels, Katmerlikaya said:
“Damage on the right side of the brain affects the left half of the body, and damage on the left side of the brain affects the right half of the body. This condition causes loss of voluntary movement or lack of movement in the right or left half of the body, loss of balance, impaired feeling, communication (speech) disorder, loss of vision or perception. Symptoms of hemiplegia may vary from patient to patient, depending on the location, severity and size of the damage.
After the diagnosis of stroke, the medical treatment is aimed at minimizing the damage to the brain tissue as a result of cerebral hemorrhage or blockage, preventing its progression, and maintaining brain functions. Diagnosis is made with a detailed physical examination and brain imaging. Computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance (MR) are generally used as imaging. After the patient’s condition stabilizes, the rehabilitation process is planned for the early and late periods. In this process, it is aimed to maximize the mental, physical and social functions of the patient.
Katmerlikaya also shared information about the methods used for treatment in the rehabilitation process.
Emphasizing that exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles, various neuromuscular facilitation techniques and methods specially developed for hemiplegia are used, Katmerlikaya said, “However, different electrical stimulations, computer-assisted walking training, various orthoses, speech therapy, psychosocial training and support are used in treatment. The recovery process in hemiplegia is among the first 3 “It happens faster in 6 months. In some cases, improvement can be observed over the years.” used the phrases.