Eye Health and Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Tayfun Bavbek gave information on common eye diseases in children on the occasion of April 23 National Sovereignty and Children’s Day.
Stating that every baby should be brought back to the age of 1 after the eye examination performed in the first month after birth, Bavbek noted that parents should be more conscious about congenital eye diseases.
Bavbek; He summarized the most common eye disorders in newborns as congenital cataracts, ocular tension, retinablastoma, lacrimal duct obstruction and retinopathy of prematurity.
“It is possible for parents to analyze the signs of congenital cataracts”
Bavbek stated that one of the possible eye problems that can be encountered in babies in the first few months from birth is “congenital” (congenital cataract), and that this disorder can cause serious amblyopia if not diagnosed early and that the only treatment in the future is surgery.
Giving an important clue to parents in terms of discovering the symptoms of this disorder, Bavbek said, “There is an easy way to test congenital cataracts. You can take a picture of your child and check the pupils. If there is no red reflection in one or both eyes, this situation; congenital cataracts, congenital cataracts. There may be signs of diseases such as eye tumors or retinablastoma. At this point, it is of great importance for parents to be careful and to have their children have eye health checks regularly. ” gave information.
Stating that another congenital disease is eye pressure (glaucoma), Prof. Dr. Typhoon Bavbek; At this point, “If your child is extremely uncomfortable with the light, if there is watery eyes or enlarged eyeballs, it is useful to go to the ophthalmologist with caution.” warned.
Tear duct obstruction can be opened by message and drop
Bavbek stated that clogged tear duct is among the congenital eye disorders, and that some babies may experience excessive burring and watering due to congestion in the tear duct.
Stating that this disorder can be cured 90 percent by massage and drop application until the baby is 9 or 10 months old, Bavbek said; He stated that if it was still not opened in the 10th and 11th months, at this point, the physicians preferred to open the canal with a catheter.
Bavbek; Expressing that premature babies born below 1,500 grams should be examined for an eye disease called retinopathy of prematurity in the 4th week after birth, “Since the retinal vessels inside the eye are not fully developed in premature babies, some pathological problems may occur when the baby comes out of the mother’s womb and encounters with external ambient oxygen. Failure to detect this condition early can lead to dangerous consequences that will lead to loss of eyes. he continued.
“The age limit for amblyopia treatment is 7”
Prof. Dr. Tayfun Bavbek stated that with regular eye checks, disorders such as strabismus and the difference in number between the two eyes were detected in babies before the age of 1 and the treatment was started quickly, “Strabismus and the difference in number between the two eyes are the two most important causes of amblyopia, which is common in our society … If strabismus cannot be treated with appropriate glasses, the second option is surgery. If your child has a misaligned eye, the nerves in the visual center cannot develop because he cannot fully focus. This also paves the way for lazy eye. Similarly, if there is a difference in number between the two eyes, the use of glasses is recommended for treatment. It also needs to be followed whether the eye number is progressing or not. ” gave information.
Stating that if this process is neglected, lazy eye can reach a serious level, Bavbek said, “In lazy eye, it is possible to treat up to a maximum of 7 years old. If timely treatment is not provided, this discomfort becomes permanent for a lifetime. The most important duty of parents is to prevent lazy eye from being permanent. taking their children for an eye checkup once a year until they are 7 years old. ” he continued.
“The biggest danger in domestic accidents, sharp objects”
Bavbek noted that with regard to domestic accidents, problems such as sharp objects such as knives, needles, pencils and scissors are encountered with the eyes, especially in preschool children.
Stating that children’s interest in laser pointers may cause permanent eye discomfort, Bavbek said; “One of our child patients, who kept the pointer in his eye for 1 minute because he was curious about the laser pointer, had a burn in the visual center. The parents must also take precautions against accidents that may occur at home.” He commented.