Assoc. Dr. Yaşar Turan ‘When you suspect that you have a heart attack; Acting quickly and calling urgent medical help greatly increase the chances of survival, ”he said, adding information about what needs to be done at that time.

Heart attack symptoms:

• The classic symptom of a heart attack is pain in the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes, especially in the midpoint.
• This discomfort may feel like pressure, tightness, tightness, or pain.
• Pain can radiate to the neck, arms, back, chin or stomach.
• It may be felt as a general discomfort whose location in the chest is not fully described.
• Typical chest pain is often observed in men during a heart attack.
• However, this classic chest pain may not be seen in postmenopausal women and those with diabetes.

Different Non-Classical Symptoms:

In the elderly, postmenopausal women and diabetic patients, a heart attack can develop without a typical chest pain as above. These patients may have the following symptoms.

Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain
Shortness of breath
Sweating
Dizziness

Usually, a heart attack begins slowly and becomes progressively clearer, with mild discomfort and pain. When you suspect you have a heart attack, acting quickly can greatly increase your chances of survival. Whether you are alone or in the presence of others, as soon as you feel that you are having a heart attack, the first thing to do is to call for emergency medical help (112 in Turkey). Unfortunately, loss of time before treatment is a common situation, especially in patients who have a heart attack while alone.

Things to do during a heart attack:

• If other people are with you, ask them to stay with you until the ambulance reaches you. Unlike asking someone to drive you to the hospital, calling 911 is generally the fastest way to get emergency care. 112 Emergency Health Services staff are trained to care for people with heart attacks and can also take you to the hospital quickly for further treatment with your initial treatment started.
• If you are alone, leave the door of your home open, as you may lose consciousness after you inform 112 and your relatives.
• Sit comfortably in a safe place close to the door, leaning on a solid ground so that incoming people can find you easily.
• If you are driving, pull over in a suitable way and wait for assistance to arrive.
• Stay calm and do not move unnecessarily.
• Patient relatives should also be careful about this issue and not make unnecessary fuss. It will be beneficial to reduce the patient’s stress and relieve his fear.

What can be done until emergency help arrives?

• If you do not have a known allergy to aspirin, you can take aspirin (300 mg). Chew the aspirin by crushing it in your mouth and swallow it with a small amount of water.
• If previously recommended by your doctor, you can take nitrate sublingually. However, if such a recommendation is not made, do not take nitrate.

Wrongs known to be true

• Coughing: The notion that it is beneficial to cough constantly when you realize that you are having a heart attack is not true. This condition can only be effective for a short time when there is a sudden drop in heart rate. In such a situation, the emergency response team may ask you to cough for a short time. Other than that, doing this on your own is not recommended during a heart attack, as it will make you unnecessary effort.
• Hot or cold shower: No benefit, definitely not recommended during a heart attack. During a heart attack, other methods of hot or cold application do not help.
• Massage: Do not massage your chest or back.
• Water and pepper: Drinking water and eating hot pepper during a heart attack does not help a heart attack. On the contrary, the patient should stop eating and drinking, as nausea and vomiting, which are common in heart attacks, may enter the trachea.




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