The complaints or the feeling of shortness of breath vary from person to person. Shortness of breath; pain, excess weight, lack of fitness, underlying diseases or psychological reasons. Shortness of breath, along with fatigue, is one of the most common complaints of patients. Shortness of breath means that the person is unable to breathe or has difficulty breathing. In other words, people think that their oxygen needs are not enough or that they are blocked while breathing. Other than that, some people may describe it as a heaviness and pressure in the chest. If the lack of condition due to excess weight or psychological reasons have caused shortness of breath, breathing therapies can provide a solution when applied together with physical therapy.
Usually develops from lung-related problems
In shortness of breath, the oxygen level in the blood, blood gas or the breath on physical examination and respiratory rate are the main criteria. However, even a person with a very good oxygen level or other criteria may feel short of breath at some moments or situations. Shortness of breath often develops from lung-related problems. Shortness of breath may develop due to smoking, weight gain, lack of condition and environmental factors. However, there may also be serious underlying lung and heart conditions. Shortness of breath that occurs suddenly is definitely pathological. It emphasizes that there are important reasons for this and the factors causing shortness of breath should be investigated immediately. Especially shortness of breath that develops in a short time can often be more dangerous and fatal.
Stress can cause shortness of breath
Psychological factors can also cause shortness of breath. Conditions such as depression, stress, anxiety, panic attacks, etc. cause shortness of breath. Even if the person has a physical condition such as asthma or heart disease, the stress and panic of the moment can increase the already existing shortness of breath. Blood tests, x-ray, PFT – pulmonary function test, ECG and lung tomography, when necessary, are the tests used in the detection of shortness of breath. In some patients, it may be necessary to evaluate effort over time.
The underlying disease should be determined and treatment should be started.
It is of great importance to find the underlying discomfort in shortness of breath and to plan treatment for it under the control of a specialist. In the treatment, first of all, if the person has gained weight, he/she should lose weight, if he/she smokes, quit smoking, and if his/her condition is low, he/she should be directed to exercises to increase the condition or to physical therapy. If an attack and related shortness of breath develops due to asthma and COPD, first of all, the diseases are treated. Respiratory treatments can be planned in shortness of breath, especially in case of asthma and COPD, treatment with inhalation drugs is applied. If there is a recurrence, a more specific treatment plan should be followed.