Prof. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın made evaluations about navigation systems that have become an integral part of daily life.

Professor noted that the word navigation, which is referred to as a “road guide” from French, is used as systems that enable us to reach our destination in the shortest and fastest way today. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın, “Thanks to the navigation system, we can easily reach addresses we haven’t been to or remember the way of before, without getting lost.” said.

From trees to navigation systems

Noting that in the past, the first navigation methods used to determine the location according to trees, buildings, islands and sea coasts. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın said, “With the discovery of the compass, the development of astronomy and precision mechanical clocks, more accurate navigation has begun in the sea and on land. With the rapid development of air and space vehicles in the 21st century, research and development of high accuracy navigation systems has become a necessity. Nowadays, with the rapid development of technology, thanks to smart phones that are more involved in our lives, navigation systems have now been moved to a key distance from us. ” he spoke.

Navigation system consists of hardware, software and map

Providing technical information about navigation systems, Prof. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın said that navigation systems consist of three basic components: hardware, software and map. Prof. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın said the following:

“The hardware represents the system where the software and the map work, which enables us to reach the target point by detecting our position on the world with GPS signals. The software is a programming unit that makes the necessary calculations, draws the route and transmits the commands visually and audibly in order to show the person the coordinate information received from the device through the map system, to reach the target point in the fastest and shortest way. If the map is the navigation system It is the most important layer and it is the unit that contains a lot of information such as speed information, direction notifications, restrictions and possible restrictions. In addition, thanks to the points of interest on the map, it allows determination of targets in cases where the address is not known, as well as information about what is available in the region. “

It is used from the military to scientific studies

Noting that navigation systems are used in many areas, Prof. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın said, “Although navigation systems have been developed primarily for military purposes, today they are used in many areas such as determining speed measurements, monitoring the movements of the earth’s crust and making possible earthquake analysis, tracking people, vehicles or animals and drawing maps according to need. In the military field; Navigation systems are widely used in patrol and reconnaissance missions, tracking possible threats on the ground and in the air with the target tracking system, shooting and guidance systems in order to hit the targets with full accuracy. ” said.

Used in search and rescue operations

Noting that navigation systems make our lives easier in many areas, Prof. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın said, “For example, the location of a falling pilot in search and rescue operations can be determined precisely. In addition, thanks to many applications developed, we are able to determine the destination or place suggestions on the map, draw our route, and plan our travels or activities. The number of scientific studies involving navigation systems is increasing day by day. For example, an ultrasonic navigation system has been developed for visually impaired people. Likewise, navigation systems have become an indispensable part of robots built for scientific research, exploration or assistance. In another study, a mobile robot system, called HelpMate, performs transportation operations in a hospital environment and can draw the target route with the navigation system. This kind of work can be beneficial in terms of non-contact delivery and workforce, especially when pandemic conditions are considered. ” he spoke.

Is there a price for making life easier?

Prof. Dr. Gökhan Apaydın, referring to the criticisms that navigation systems are harmful in weakening memory, concluded his words as follows:

“Although navigation systems are very beneficial in terms of facilitating our lives in many areas and making routes by thinking for us and guiding them, it is an undeniable fact that they have disadvantages in terms of weakening memory and dulling the ability to find direction as a result of the studies. For this reason, by using navigation for the addresses we will go to for the first time in our daily life, we can both improve the hippocampus, which represents the memory and location direction finding part of our brain, and keep our interest in the surrounding streets or places updated by working our memory center when we go to the same address again. “

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