Food Application and Research Center Director Prof. Dr. Şükrü Karataş stated that starch-based sugar contains high amounts of fructose and said, “Excessive fructose consumption can cause many ailments up to gout, especially obesity, heart and kidney diseases.”
Karataş said, “There is a great information pollution in the society about the positive and negative effects of fructose on human health. Corn syrup with high fructose (starch-based sugar) used in carbonated, fruit drinks and ready-made foods on the market contains both beet sugar (sucrose), fructose and glucose. Starch-based sugar (NBŞ), which is used in many products from carbonated, fruit drinks to candies, chocolate and biscuits, has been banned in many European countries such as France, the Netherlands, and the UK, due to its potential adverse health effects.
Noting that the glycemic index in fructose is low, it does not increase the amount of sugar in the blood at first, Karataş said, “However, fructose is considered to be the cause of many diseases when consumed in excessive amounts. Fructose is the type of sugar that turns into fat fastest of all sugars. For this reason, it increases the triglyceride level in the blood very much.
If fructose is consumed in excess, the liver needs to process this excess fructose quickly and convert it into useful sugar in order for the body to use it as sugar.
However, since the liver cannot rapidly process this fructose, it instead begins to produce fat, and this fat is mixed into the triglyceride. The amount of uric acid, which is known to be harmful to the heart and kidneys, also increases in individuals who consume excessive fructose. “The increase in uric acid is known as the cause of gout.”
Scientific studies show that the fructose found in natural fruit is metabolized in the small intestine when taken in normal amounts, but the processed fructose taken in excessive amounts, especially with processed foods, exhausts the small intestine and turns into fat there by going to the liver. This strengthens the argument that it causes Type 2 diabetes, ”he said.
Reminding that no processed foodstuff can replace natural foodstuffs, Karataş continued as follows:
“For this reason, it is necessary to stay away from processed foods as much as possible or to consume less natural fruit consumption. In addition, it would be better to pay attention to the choice of fruit to be consumed, and to try to consume fruits that contain relatively little sugar in the season.
Care should be taken not to use too much food and beverages containing too much sweetener, processed corn starch syrup.