Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist, who gave information about the treatment method, Op. Dr. Muzaffer Gökhan Kahraman said, “Prosthesis surgeries to the knee joint, called arthroplasty, are the process of surgically cutting the bone ends involved in this joint and then placing a prosthesis in the knee region. With this procedure, the mobility of the knee can be restored to a great extent. Today, knee replacement surgeries have become one of the routine procedures. This surgical procedure, which is usually performed between the ages of 50-80, provides a good response to patients’ complaints of pain and mobility. Knee joint prosthesis surgeries are divided into different types of procedures within themselves. In the process called total knee replacement, the knee joint is completely replaced with a prosthetic joint, while in partial interventions, only the prosthesis can be attached to the affected knee area.
THE SURGERY CONTINUES 2,5-3 HOURS
Stating that the patient was given blood thinners to prevent clots from forming during the surgery, Dr. Kahraman said, “For this procedure, which usually takes 2.5-3 hours, when the time of surgery comes, surgeons first make an 8-10 cm incision on the knee line. By pulling the skin and muscle tissue in this area to the edges, the damaged cartilage and bone structures are reached. In order for the prosthesis to be used to fit into the area, the damaged structures are cut and corrected. After the prosthesis is placed, the opened skin area is closed by suturing. After the surgery, the patients are observed and various drugs are prescribed to control the pain that may occur. Blood thinners can also be used to prevent clot formation during and after the surgery. The recovery period may vary depending on the type of procedure applied and the personal characteristics of the patient.
THINGS TO PAY ATTENTION
Stating that he entered the recovery and rehabilitation period after knee replacement surgery, Dr. Kahraman stated that during this period, various practices were applied to enable individuals to transition into daily life over time.
Stating that the rehabilitation process started immediately after the surgery, Dr. Kahraman said, “In the first 24 hours, standing up and walking is performed with assistive devices such as canes, canes or walkers, accompanied by a physiotherapy physician. It is considered normal to have complaints such as pain, edema and bruising after the surgery. Despite these complaints, gaining mobility in the early period is a very important issue, but pushing the body’s limits should be avoided. While taking a bath in the postoperative period can be performed after a period of 5-7 days, care should be taken not to wet the knee area where the incision is made.
Noting that it is important for the incision (surgical incision) to fully heal within a period of approximately 3-4 weeks, it is important to stay dry. Hero concluded his words as follows:
“After 3 weeks accompanied by physical therapy applications, it can be noticed that the pain in the first postoperative period is relieved. The dose and frequency of painkillers used in this period are gradually reduced. Continuing physical therapy practices, which have now become a part of daily routine, is very important for improving joint range of motion and ability. Continuing physical therapy applications continuously within this period and 6-week period can quickly improve the strength and flexibility of the knee joint. In this period, people can start to move independently of walking aids in line with the knowledge and recommendation of physical therapy and rehabilitation specialist physicians. Physical therapy applications usually continue until the 12th week after surgery. How the process goes up to this time affects how quickly a person can return to their normal functions and active lifestyle.”