Cervical cancer is among the most common cancers in women.
Kiss. Dr. Bilal Cengiz Şahbaz stated that cervix cancer, that is, cervical cancer, is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervical cells in the lower part of the cervix connecting to the vagina, and said that it is seen between the ages of 45-55 on average.
Stating that the incidence and mortality rates of this cancer have decreased in recent years with the development and widespread use of screening methods, Şahbaz said, “The most important and proven risk factor for cervical cancer is infection with high-risk human papilloma viruses, which are usually sexually transmitted. A small portion of the virus survives for years and contributes to the process that causes some cervical cells to turn into cancer cells. Early stage cervical cancer usually shows no signs or symptoms. Post-intercourse bleeding, vaginal bleeding between menstruation or after menopause, malodorous, watery, bloody vaginal discharge and pelvic (groin) pain during sexual intercourse are among the complaints that need attention. ” made its evaluation.
Underlining that screening tests can help identify possible cells that could turn into cervical cancer, Şahbaz stated that most sources recommend starting screening for cervical cancer and pre-cancerous changes from the age of 21.
Stating that if possible cervical cancer is suspected after screening tests, a comprehensive examination of the cervix will be performed, Şahbaz said:
“During this examination, instruments with visual magnification are used to identify abnormal cells. During colposcopic examination, sampling of cervical cells can be done to establish the definitive diagnosis. If the diagnosis of cervical cancer is confirmed, other tests are performed to determine its stage. The stage of the cancer. It is an important factor in determining the treatment.
Examinations such as imaging methods, X-ray, CT, MRI, and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) help determine whether the cancer has spread outside the cervix. In order to be protected from the disease, it is important to take precautions against sexually transmitted diseases, to quit smoking, and to have effective follow-up and treatment of lesions that are susceptible to cancer. Vaccines developed against HPV also play an important role in protection. “