Sivas Cumhuriyet University (SCU) Faculty of Medicine Hospital Infectious Diseases Department Lecturer Assoc. Dr. Seyit Ali Büyüktuna told Anadolu Agency (AA) that CCHF is a disease usually transmitted by ticks that carry the virus and progresses with severe symptoms such as fever, weakness, nausea, malaise and diarrhea, as well as bleeding in some patients.
Reminding that CCHF cases were seen for the first time in Turkey in 2002, Büyüktuna said, “From this date to the end of 2020, a total of 13 thousand 87 cases have been seen and unfortunately we have lost 606 of these patients. In Sivas, however, 151 of 1938 cases have been reported since 2003, when the disease appeared. He lost his life. The number of cases detected in our province since the beginning of 2021 is 92, and we lost 5 patients in this period.” said.
Büyüktuna pointed out that the virus that causes CCHF is not transmitted to humans only from infected ticks, and continued as follows:
“60 out of every 100 patients tell us about tick contact. The remaining 40 insist that they have no contact with ticks. The virus can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks, as well as from vertebrate animals bitten by ticks, such as cattle and small cattle. Ticks can transmit these animals to us. “When it bites, it transmits the virus, but animals do not show any signs of disease. The bitten animal carries the virus in its blood for an average of 2 weeks. During this time, if there is mucosal contact with the blood, saliva or any body fluid of the infected animal, transmission is of course possible.”
Emphasizing that the most important risk groups are farmers, stockbreeders, slaughterhouse workers, veterinarians, athletes camping in rural areas or military units, Büyüktuna warned that the CCHF virus can also be transmitted to healthcare workers who interfere unprotectedly with the blood, urine or other secretions of infected patients.
Pay attention to animal movements in the spread of the virus
Stating that risk groups must protect themselves, Büyüktuna said, “Those who go out on the field, those who are engaged in animal husbandry, should definitely use gloves. They should wear long sleeves, in a way that does not leave any open place on the body, and light-colored clothing, and hand hygiene should be taken care of. Apart from that, when we come from the land, ticks’ favorite The areas behind the ear, armpits, genital area and navel should be checked. used the phrases.
Reminding that CCHF was seen very frequently in Tokat, Yozgat, Çorum and Sivas regions in 2002-2003, and later it was encountered in Kelkit Valley, where provinces such as Gümüşhane, Erzurum, Erzincan, and Giresun are located, Büyüktuna said, “In recent years, CCHF cases from many provinces of our country have not been reported. “There may be many reasons for this. Of course, birds can carry infected ticks, and animal movements are also important. We have the Feast of Sacrifice ahead of us. Animals from eastern provinces are sent to other provinces for sale. In this way, animal movements may also be seen in other provinces.” he said.
Büyüktuna also mentioned that the tick that attaches to the body should be removed as soon as possible, not with bare hands, but with a material that will act as a barrier such as a napkin or piece of nylon, adding that they can diagnose CCHF with PCR method in the laboratory environment of the hospital.