General Surgery / Pediatric Surgery Specialist, Op. Dr. Saber Sazdar used the following statements:
“Weakness in the muscles of the abdominal wall and the formation of a gap in this wall is called the groin. Tissues and organs in the abdominal area can protrude from this cavity and cause bumps to form on the skin. Inguinal hernia is the condition in which the cavity is seen in the groin area. In the groin area seen in childhood.” We can say that almost all hernias are present from birth.In addition, in some cases, the hernia cannot be noticed from the outside until structures such as tissues and organs enter into the cavity that has existed since birth.
In male babies, this short canal connects the abdominal wall to the scrotum. Testicles are located in the abdominal cavity in male babies in the womb. In female babies, the canal connects the abdominal wall with the labia, which is one of the external genital structures. The duct-like structure in babies in the mother’s womb must be closed before birth. If this closure does not occur properly, the risk of inguinal hernia increases in babies. “
WHY DOES INGONIC HERNIA CAUSE, WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Stating that a lump-like swelling in the lower abdomen can be seen in babies with inguinal hernia, Dr. Saber Sazdar said, “This condition, which is the most common symptom of inguinal hernia, may become more pronounced when the baby cries, coughs or strains. Infants with hernia may also experience symptoms such as restlessness and loss of appetite. There are several different types of inguinal hernias. In the first of these types, the intestinal tissue inside the hernia can be pushed back to the abdominal cavity.
These types of hernias usually do not cause pain, but in cases such as crying, the intestine may enter the hernia again. In incarcerated hernias, the intestinal tissue is irreversibly compressed in the hernia. In children with incarcerated hernia, redness, tenderness and pain may occur in the area of the hernia. In addition to these, nausea and vomiting can be seen. In strangulated hernias, blood circulation of the intestinal tissue stuck in the hernia is impaired. Strangulated hernias are a serious problem that needs to be treated urgently. ”
Sazdar said that surgical methods are mainly used in the treatment of inguinal hernia and that various parameters such as the general condition of the child and the type of hernia are evaluated together before the surgery, and said, “Two basic methods, open and laparoscopic (closed) surgery, can be used in the treatment of inguinal hernia. In open surgery, the muscle layer where the hernia is located is incised. Then the hernia is repaired and stitched. Finally, the areas where the incision is made are closed with subcutaneous dissolvable stitches. In this way, there is no need for stitching in the future. In laparoscopic, ie closed technique, a 3-5 mm diameter camera is advanced into the abdomen from the patient’s belly button for hernia repair.
The tools required to close the hernia are also directed into the body and the surgery is completed. There are different techniques for hernia repair in surgeries performed with this method. The surgeon applies the most appropriate technique according to the condition of the hernia. Both methods are mostly performed under general anesthesia. The post-operative recovery process takes approximately 2-3 days. ”